UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Effect of the CYP2C8 genotype on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of repaglinide


Tomalik-Scharte, D; Fuhr, U; Hellmich, M; Frank, D; Doroshyenko, O; Jetter, A; Stingl, J C (2011). Effect of the CYP2C8 genotype on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of repaglinide. Drug Metabolism and Disposition, 39(5):927-932.

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of repaglinide shows pronounced interindividual variability, for which several reasons have been considered, including interactions with drugs inhibiting CYP2C8 and CYP2C8 genetic polymorphism. However, existing data on the role of genetic polymorphisms in repaglinide disposition are not fully consistent. We studied the effect of CYP2C8*3 on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of repaglinide in 29 healthy whites carrying CYP2C8*3/*3 (n = 4), CYP2C8*1/*3 (n = 13), or CYP2C8*1/*1 (n = 12). After administration of a single dose of 2 mg of repaglinide, blood was drawn for assessment of repaglinide pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, and urine was collected to quantify the main repaglinide metabolites M1 and M4 up to 24 h postdose. Repaglinide and the metabolites were quantified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Considering only the effect of CYP2C8*3, the mean (95% confidence interval) area under the time-concentration curve (AUC) from zero to infinity of repaglinide was 72.4 (6.7-138.0), 97.2 (59.2-135.2), and 105.9 (52.4-159.3) ng · ml(-1) · h and the maximal concentration (C(max)) was 38.5 (3.8-73.2), 50.3 (37.5-63.0), and 60.3 (31.5-89.1) ng · ml(-1), respectively, in carriers of CYP2C8*3/*3, CYP2C8*1/*3, and CYP2C8*1/*1 [p > 0.05, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)]. In addition, for urinary metabolite excretion and pharmacodynamic parameters, i.e., mean and maximal changes in insulin and glucose concentration, no significant differences between CYP2C8 genotypes were observed. Likewise, no significant effects on the pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics were observed when AUC and C(max) of repaglinide were corrected for reported effects of the SLCO1B1 521T>C polymorphism or when both polymorphisms were tested in a two-way ANOVA. In conclusion, CYP2C8*3 does not seem to play an important role in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of repaglinide given in a therapeutic dose.

The pharmacokinetics of repaglinide shows pronounced interindividual variability, for which several reasons have been considered, including interactions with drugs inhibiting CYP2C8 and CYP2C8 genetic polymorphism. However, existing data on the role of genetic polymorphisms in repaglinide disposition are not fully consistent. We studied the effect of CYP2C8*3 on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of repaglinide in 29 healthy whites carrying CYP2C8*3/*3 (n = 4), CYP2C8*1/*3 (n = 13), or CYP2C8*1/*1 (n = 12). After administration of a single dose of 2 mg of repaglinide, blood was drawn for assessment of repaglinide pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, and urine was collected to quantify the main repaglinide metabolites M1 and M4 up to 24 h postdose. Repaglinide and the metabolites were quantified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Considering only the effect of CYP2C8*3, the mean (95% confidence interval) area under the time-concentration curve (AUC) from zero to infinity of repaglinide was 72.4 (6.7-138.0), 97.2 (59.2-135.2), and 105.9 (52.4-159.3) ng · ml(-1) · h and the maximal concentration (C(max)) was 38.5 (3.8-73.2), 50.3 (37.5-63.0), and 60.3 (31.5-89.1) ng · ml(-1), respectively, in carriers of CYP2C8*3/*3, CYP2C8*1/*3, and CYP2C8*1/*1 [p > 0.05, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)]. In addition, for urinary metabolite excretion and pharmacodynamic parameters, i.e., mean and maximal changes in insulin and glucose concentration, no significant differences between CYP2C8 genotypes were observed. Likewise, no significant effects on the pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics were observed when AUC and C(max) of repaglinide were corrected for reported effects of the SLCO1B1 521T>C polymorphism or when both polymorphisms were tested in a two-way ANOVA. In conclusion, CYP2C8*3 does not seem to play an important role in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of repaglinide given in a therapeutic dose.

Citations

20 citations in Web of Science®
24 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 20 Jan 2012
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:20 Jan 2012 21:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:25
Publisher:American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
ISSN:0090-9556
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1124/dmd.110.036921
PubMed ID:21270106
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-56010

Download

[img]
Content: Accepted Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 248kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations