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Role of microRNAs in stem/progenitor cells and cardiovascular repair


Jakob, P; Landmesser, U (2012). Role of microRNAs in stem/progenitor cells and cardiovascular repair. Cardiovascular Research, 93(4):614-622.

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs, play a critical role in differentiation and self-renewal of pluripotent stem cells, as well as in differentiation of cardiovascular lineage cells. Several miRNAs have been demonstrated to repress stemness factors such as Oct4, Nanog, Sox2 and Klf4 in embryonic stem cells, thereby promoting embryonic stem cell differentiation. Furthermore, targeting of different miRNAs promotes reprogramming towards induced pluripotent stem cells. MicroRNAs are critical for vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation and phenotype regulation, and miR-143 and miR-145 play a particularly important role in this respect. Notably, these miRNAs are down-regulated in several cardiovascular disease states, such as in atherosclerotic lesions and vascular neointima formation. MicroRNAs are critical regulators of endothelial cell differentiation and ischaemia-induced neovascularization. miR-126 is important for vascular integrity, endothelial cell proliferation and neovascularization. miR-1 and miR-133 are highly expressed in cardiomyocytes and their precursors and regulate cardiomyogenesis. In addition, miR-499 promotes differentiation of cardiomyocyte progenitor cells. Notably, miRNA expression is altered in cardiovascular disease states, and recent studies suggest that dysregulated miRNAs may limit cardiovascular repair responses. Dysregulation of miRNAs may lead to an altered function and differentiation of cardiovascular progenitor cells, which is also likely to represent a limitation of autologous cell-based treatment approaches in these patients. These findings suggest that targeting of specific miRNAs may represent an interesting novel opportunity to impact on endogenous cardiovascular repair responses, including effects on stem/progenitor cell differentiation and functions. This approach may also serve to optimize cell-based treatment approaches in patients with cardiovascular disease.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs, play a critical role in differentiation and self-renewal of pluripotent stem cells, as well as in differentiation of cardiovascular lineage cells. Several miRNAs have been demonstrated to repress stemness factors such as Oct4, Nanog, Sox2 and Klf4 in embryonic stem cells, thereby promoting embryonic stem cell differentiation. Furthermore, targeting of different miRNAs promotes reprogramming towards induced pluripotent stem cells. MicroRNAs are critical for vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation and phenotype regulation, and miR-143 and miR-145 play a particularly important role in this respect. Notably, these miRNAs are down-regulated in several cardiovascular disease states, such as in atherosclerotic lesions and vascular neointima formation. MicroRNAs are critical regulators of endothelial cell differentiation and ischaemia-induced neovascularization. miR-126 is important for vascular integrity, endothelial cell proliferation and neovascularization. miR-1 and miR-133 are highly expressed in cardiomyocytes and their precursors and regulate cardiomyogenesis. In addition, miR-499 promotes differentiation of cardiomyocyte progenitor cells. Notably, miRNA expression is altered in cardiovascular disease states, and recent studies suggest that dysregulated miRNAs may limit cardiovascular repair responses. Dysregulation of miRNAs may lead to an altered function and differentiation of cardiovascular progenitor cells, which is also likely to represent a limitation of autologous cell-based treatment approaches in these patients. These findings suggest that targeting of specific miRNAs may represent an interesting novel opportunity to impact on endogenous cardiovascular repair responses, including effects on stem/progenitor cell differentiation and functions. This approach may also serve to optimize cell-based treatment approaches in patients with cardiovascular disease.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:21 Jan 2012 20:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:26
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0008-6363
Additional Information:This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Cardiovascular Research following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Cardiovascular Research following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Cardiovasc Res. 2011 Dec 16. [Epub ahead of print] is available online at: http://cardiovascres.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/12/15/cvr.cvr311
Publisher DOI:10.1093/cvr/cvr311
PubMed ID:22135162
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-56049

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