UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Adverse effects of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with right septal or posteroseptal accessory pathways on cardiac function


Tomaske, M; Janousek, J; Rázek, V; Gebauer, R A; Tomek, V; Hindricks, G; Knirsch, W; Bauersfeld, U (2008). Adverse effects of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with right septal or posteroseptal accessory pathways on cardiac function. Europace, 10(2):181-189.

Abstract

AIMS: Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with right septal or posteroseptal accessory pathways causes eccentric septal mechanical activation and may provoke left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and dysfunction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) of the accessory pathways on LV function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospectively, transthoracic echocardiography and electrocardiogram recordings were analysed in 34 patients (age: 14.2 +/- 2.5 years) with right septal or posteroseptal accessory pathways prior and after (median: 1 day) successful RFA. Results prior to RFA, LV ejection fraction was decreased (<55%) in 19/34 patients (56%). After RFA, QRS duration was normalized (129 +/- 23 vs. 90 +/- 11, P < 0.0001), LV function improved (ejection fraction: 50 +/- 10 vs. 56 +/- 4%, P = 0.0005) and septal-to-posterior wall motion delay as a global measure for LV dyssynchrony decreased (110 +/- 94 vs. 66 +/- 53, P = 0.012). Longitudinal two-dimensional strain evaluated in five patients demonstrated a decrease of left intraventricular mechanical delay from 292 +/- 125 to 118 +/- 37 ms after RFA. CONCLUSION: Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with right septal or posteroseptal accessory pathways may cause LV dyssynchrony and jeopardize global LV function. Radiofrequency catheter ablation resulted in normalized QRS duration, mechanical resynchronization, and improved LV function. Even in the absence of arrhythmias, RFA of right septal or posteroseptal pathways may be considered in patients with significantly decreased LV function.

AIMS: Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with right septal or posteroseptal accessory pathways causes eccentric septal mechanical activation and may provoke left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and dysfunction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) of the accessory pathways on LV function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospectively, transthoracic echocardiography and electrocardiogram recordings were analysed in 34 patients (age: 14.2 +/- 2.5 years) with right septal or posteroseptal accessory pathways prior and after (median: 1 day) successful RFA. Results prior to RFA, LV ejection fraction was decreased (<55%) in 19/34 patients (56%). After RFA, QRS duration was normalized (129 +/- 23 vs. 90 +/- 11, P < 0.0001), LV function improved (ejection fraction: 50 +/- 10 vs. 56 +/- 4%, P = 0.0005) and septal-to-posterior wall motion delay as a global measure for LV dyssynchrony decreased (110 +/- 94 vs. 66 +/- 53, P = 0.012). Longitudinal two-dimensional strain evaluated in five patients demonstrated a decrease of left intraventricular mechanical delay from 292 +/- 125 to 118 +/- 37 ms after RFA. CONCLUSION: Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with right septal or posteroseptal accessory pathways may cause LV dyssynchrony and jeopardize global LV function. Radiofrequency catheter ablation resulted in normalized QRS duration, mechanical resynchronization, and improved LV function. Even in the absence of arrhythmias, RFA of right septal or posteroseptal pathways may be considered in patients with significantly decreased LV function.

Citations

29 citations in Web of Science®
40 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 05 Feb 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:2008
Deposited On:05 Feb 2009 11:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:34
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1099-5129
Publisher DOI:10.1093/europace/eun005
PubMed ID:18256123
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-5674

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations