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Extracellular hemoglobin polarizes the macrophage proteome toward Hb-clearance, enhanced antioxidant capacity and suppressed HLA class 2 expression


Kaempfer, T; Duerst, E; Gehrig, P; Roschitzki, B; Rutishauser, D; Grossmann, J; Schoedon, G; Vallelian, F; Schaer, D J (2011). Extracellular hemoglobin polarizes the macrophage proteome toward Hb-clearance, enhanced antioxidant capacity and suppressed HLA class 2 expression. Journal of Proteome Research, 10(5):2397-2408.

Abstract

Peripheral blood monocytes and macrophages are the only cell population with a proven hemoglobin (Hb) clearance capacity through the CD163 scavenger receptor pathway. Hb detoxification and related adaptive cellular responses are assumed to be essential processes to maintaining tissue homeostasis and promoting wound healing in injured tissues. Using a dual platform mass spectrometry analysis with MALDI-TOF/TOF and LTQ-Orbitrap instruments combined with isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ), we analyzed how Hb exposure could modulate the macrophage phenotype on a proteome level. We identified and relatively quantified 3691 macrophage proteins, representing the largest human macrophage proteome published to date. The Hb polarized macrophage phenotype was characterized by an induced Hb:Hp-CD163-HO1-ferritin pathway and enhanced antioxidant enzymes while suppression of HLA class 2 was the most prominent effect. Enhanced Hb clearance and antioxidant capacity together with reduced antigen presentation might therefore be essential qualities of Hb polarized macrophages in wounded tissues and hemorrhage or atherosclerotic plaques.

Peripheral blood monocytes and macrophages are the only cell population with a proven hemoglobin (Hb) clearance capacity through the CD163 scavenger receptor pathway. Hb detoxification and related adaptive cellular responses are assumed to be essential processes to maintaining tissue homeostasis and promoting wound healing in injured tissues. Using a dual platform mass spectrometry analysis with MALDI-TOF/TOF and LTQ-Orbitrap instruments combined with isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ), we analyzed how Hb exposure could modulate the macrophage phenotype on a proteome level. We identified and relatively quantified 3691 macrophage proteins, representing the largest human macrophage proteome published to date. The Hb polarized macrophage phenotype was characterized by an induced Hb:Hp-CD163-HO1-ferritin pathway and enhanced antioxidant enzymes while suppression of HLA class 2 was the most prominent effect. Enhanced Hb clearance and antioxidant capacity together with reduced antigen presentation might therefore be essential qualities of Hb polarized macrophages in wounded tissues and hemorrhage or atherosclerotic plaques.

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10 citations in Web of Science®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:24 Jan 2012 19:33
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:28
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1535-3893
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/pr101230y
PubMed ID:21405025

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