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Roles of thymidylate synthase and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase expression in blood as predictors of response to multimodal therapy in esophageal cancers


Brabender, Jan; Metzger, Ralf; Vallböhmer, Daniel; Ling, Frederike; Neiss, Susanne; Bollschweiler, Elfriede; Schneider, Paul M; Hölscher, Arnulf H; Grimminger, Peter P (2012). Roles of thymidylate synthase and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase expression in blood as predictors of response to multimodal therapy in esophageal cancers. Surgery, 151(2):306-312.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Thymidylate synthetase (TS) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) RNA expression in peripheral blood was examined as a noninvasive molecular predictor of response to neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy in patients with locally advanced cancer of the esophagus.
METHODS:

Blood samples were drawn from 29 patients with esophageal cancer (10 squamous cell carcinomas and 19 adenocarciomas) before neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy. After extraction of cellular tumor RNA from blood samples, quantitative expression analysis of TS and DPD was performed with quantitative real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS:

Twenty of 29 (68%) of patients had a minor histopathologic response, and 9 of 29 (32%) had a major response to neadjuvant radiochemotherapy. RNA expression in the blood of patients was detectable for TS in 86%, for DPD in 97%, and in 100% for β-actin. No significant associations were detected between TS and DPD expression levels and clinical variables of the patients. A high expression level for TS was associated with a minor response to neoadjuvant treatment (P = .046), while there was no significant association between DPD and response to therapy. Combined analysis of TS and DPD expression increased the specificity for the prediction of response to 100%. No major responder to therapy had high expression levels for both genes in their peripheral blood.
CONCLUSION:

Quantitation of TS and DPD in peripheral blood may be a highly specific analysis to identify a subset of patients who do not respond to neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy and may therefore prevent expensive, noneffective, and potentially harmful therapies in a substantial number of patients with esophageal cancer.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Thymidylate synthetase (TS) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) RNA expression in peripheral blood was examined as a noninvasive molecular predictor of response to neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy in patients with locally advanced cancer of the esophagus.
METHODS:

Blood samples were drawn from 29 patients with esophageal cancer (10 squamous cell carcinomas and 19 adenocarciomas) before neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy. After extraction of cellular tumor RNA from blood samples, quantitative expression analysis of TS and DPD was performed with quantitative real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS:

Twenty of 29 (68%) of patients had a minor histopathologic response, and 9 of 29 (32%) had a major response to neadjuvant radiochemotherapy. RNA expression in the blood of patients was detectable for TS in 86%, for DPD in 97%, and in 100% for β-actin. No significant associations were detected between TS and DPD expression levels and clinical variables of the patients. A high expression level for TS was associated with a minor response to neoadjuvant treatment (P = .046), while there was no significant association between DPD and response to therapy. Combined analysis of TS and DPD expression increased the specificity for the prediction of response to 100%. No major responder to therapy had high expression levels for both genes in their peripheral blood.
CONCLUSION:

Quantitation of TS and DPD in peripheral blood may be a highly specific analysis to identify a subset of patients who do not respond to neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy and may therefore prevent expensive, noneffective, and potentially harmful therapies in a substantial number of patients with esophageal cancer.

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6 citations in Web of Science®
8 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:10 Apr 2012 08:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:28
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0039-6060
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2011.07.018
PubMed ID:21982526

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