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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-56989

Hallmann, L; Mehl, A; Ulmer, P; Reusser, E; Stadler, J; Zenobi, R; Stawarczyk, B; Özcan, M; Hämmerle, C H F (2012). The influence of grain size on low-temperature degradation of dental zirconia. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 100B(2):447-456.

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of grain size and air abrasion on low-temperature degradation (LTD) of yttria stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystalline (Y-TZP). Disc-shaped specimens were sintered at 1350, 1450, and 1600°C. Air abrasion was performed with different abrasive particles. The specimens were stored for 2 h at 134°C under 2.3 bar water vapor pressure. All specimens were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction analysis (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). Y-TZP sintered at a temperature of 1350°C did not undergo the t-m phase transformation during accelerated aging. The diffusion-controlled t-m phase transformation initiated with the specimens sintered at 1450°C. This transformation was remarkable for the specimens sintered at 1600°C. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements did not confirm the generation of Zr-OH and Y-OH bonds. No increase of yttrium concentration on the grain boundaries of Y-TZP was detected, which could be responsible for the destabilization of dental zirconia ceramics. A slight increase of diffusion-controlled t-m phase transformations was observed for all abraded specimens sintered at 1350 and 1450°C. The size of abrasive particles did not play a crucial role on LTD of Y-TZP. The retardation of diffusion-controlled t-m phase transformation was evident for all abraded specimens sintered at 1600°C by comparison to non-abraded specimens. Conclusion: The LTD of Y-TZP can be suppressed when the sintering temperature is set between 1350 and 1450°C. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2012.


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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:24 Jan 2012 19:57
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:29
Publisher DOI:10.1002/jbm.b.31969
PubMed ID:22121144

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