Quick Search:

uzh logo
Browse by:

Zurich Open Repository and Archive

Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-57114

Wich, S A; Vogel, E R; Larsen, M D; Fredriksson, G; Leighton, M; Yeager, C P; Brearley, F Q; van Schaik, C P; Marshall, A J (2011). Forest fruit production is higher on Sumatra than on Borneo. PLoS ONE, 6(6):e21278.

Published Version
View at publisher



Various studies have shown that the population densities of a number of forest vertebrates, such as orangutans, are higher on Sumatra than Borneo, and that several species exhibit smaller body sizes on Borneo than Sumatra and mainland Southeast Asia. It has been suggested that differences in forest fruit productivity between the islands can explain these patterns. Here we present a large-scale comparison of forest fruit production between the islands to test this hypothesis.

Data on fruit production were collated from Sumatran and Bornean sites. At six sites we assessed fruit production in three forest types: riverine, peat swamp and dryland forests. We compared fruit production using time-series models during different periods of overall fruit production and in different tree size classes. We examined overall island differences and differences specifically for fruiting period and tree size class. The results of these analyses indicate that overall the Sumatran forests are more productive than those on Borneo. This difference remains when each of the three forest types (dryland, riverine, and peat) are examined separately. The difference also holds over most tree sizes and fruiting periods.

Our results provide strong support for the hypothesis that forest fruit productivity is higher on Sumatra than Borneo. This difference is most likely the result of the overall younger and more volcanic soils on Sumatra than Borneo. These results contribute to our understanding of the determinants of faunal density and the evolution of body size on both islands.


17 citations in Web of Science®
12 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™



67 downloads since deposited on 28 Jan 2012
17 downloads since 12 months

Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Anthropological Institute and Museum
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Deposited On:28 Jan 2012 19:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:29
Publisher:Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Publisher DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0021278
PubMed ID:21738627

Users (please log in): suggest update or correction for this item

Repository Staff Only: item control page