Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-5755
Bachofen, C; Stalder, H; Braun, U; Hilbe, M; Ehrensperger, F; Peterhans, E (2008). Co-existence of genetically and antigenically diverse bovine viral diarrhoea viruses in an endemic situation. Veterinary Microbiology, 131(1-2):93-102.
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Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is an important cattle pathogen that causes acute or persistent infections. These are associated with immunotolerance to the viral strain persisting in animals that became infected early in their intrauterine development. To this date, the epidemiology of BVD in Switzerland runs virtually undisturbed by control measures such as restrictions on animal traffic or vaccination. Here, we analysed the viral genetics of 169 Swiss isolates and carried out crossed serum neutralisation tests to assess the antigenic spectrum of BVDV strains present in the cattle population. Besides confirming the presence of BVDV type 1 subgroups b, e, h and k, a single "orphan" BVDV-1 virus was detected that does not belong to any known BVDV-1 subgroup. No BVDV type 2 viruses were detected, suggesting that they are rare or not present in the cattle population. Antigenic comparison revealed significant differences between the different subgroups, with anti-1k immune serum having up to tenfold lower neutralising activity against 1b, 1e and 1h subgroup viruses, which however may still suffice to protect 1k-immune animals against superinfection by viruses of those other subgroups. Serum from routinely vaccinated animals revealed generally low titres but good cross-neutralisation. A geographic information system revealed that the viruses of the different subgroups are distributed in an apparently randomised fashion in the cattle population. This geographic distribution pattern may reflect peculiarities of the management practice in the Swiss cattle industry that, especially through annual transhumance of up to 25% of the entire population in the alpine region, tend to optimise the spread of BVDV.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pathology|
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals > Clinic for Ruminants
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Bovine viral diarrhoea virus; Epidemiology; Genetics; Antigenic properties; Geographic information system; Switzerland|
|Date:||18 September 2008|
|Deposited On:||02 Dec 2008 11:10|
|Last Modified:||23 Nov 2012 14:15|
|WoS Citation Count:||22|
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