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No case of exercise-associated hyponatremia in male ultra-endurance mountain bikers in the 'Swiss Bike Masters'


Knechtle, B; Knechtle, P; Rosemann, T (2011). No case of exercise-associated hyponatremia in male ultra-endurance mountain bikers in the 'Swiss Bike Masters'. Chinese Journal of Physiology, 54(6):379-84.

Abstract

Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) has mainly been investigated in runners and triathletes. In mountain bikers, EAH was studied in two multi-stage races, but not in a single stage race. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of EAH in a single-stage mountain bike ultra-marathon. In the 'Swiss Bike Masters' over 120 km with a climb of ~ 5,000 m in altitude, we determined pre and post race body mass, hematocrit, plasma sodium concentration ([Na⁺]), and urinary specific gravity in 37 cyclists. Athletes recorded their fluid intake while racing. No athlete developed EAH. The cyclists drank on average (means ± SD) 0.7 ± 0.2 l/h. Fluid intake was significantly and negatively related to race time (r = -0.41, P < 0.05), but showed no association with post race plasma [Na⁺], the change in plasma [Na⁺], post race body mass, or the change in body mass. The athletes lost 1.4 kg body mass (P < 0.05), plasma [Na⁺] decreased by 0.7% (P < 0.05), plasma volume increased by 1.4% and urinary specific gravity increased by 0.4% (P < 0.05). The change in body mass was neither related to post race plasma [Na⁺] nor to the change in plasma [Na⁺]. The decrease in plasma [Na⁺] was not related to fluid intake. The change in plasma [Na⁺] was related to post race plasma [Na⁺] (r = 0.40, P < 0.01). Ad libitum fluid intake showed no case of EAH in a single-stage mountain bike ultra-marathon. In contrast to previous findings, the faster athletes drank more than the slower ones.

Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) has mainly been investigated in runners and triathletes. In mountain bikers, EAH was studied in two multi-stage races, but not in a single stage race. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of EAH in a single-stage mountain bike ultra-marathon. In the 'Swiss Bike Masters' over 120 km with a climb of ~ 5,000 m in altitude, we determined pre and post race body mass, hematocrit, plasma sodium concentration ([Na⁺]), and urinary specific gravity in 37 cyclists. Athletes recorded their fluid intake while racing. No athlete developed EAH. The cyclists drank on average (means ± SD) 0.7 ± 0.2 l/h. Fluid intake was significantly and negatively related to race time (r = -0.41, P < 0.05), but showed no association with post race plasma [Na⁺], the change in plasma [Na⁺], post race body mass, or the change in body mass. The athletes lost 1.4 kg body mass (P < 0.05), plasma [Na⁺] decreased by 0.7% (P < 0.05), plasma volume increased by 1.4% and urinary specific gravity increased by 0.4% (P < 0.05). The change in body mass was neither related to post race plasma [Na⁺] nor to the change in plasma [Na⁺]. The decrease in plasma [Na⁺] was not related to fluid intake. The change in plasma [Na⁺] was related to post race plasma [Na⁺] (r = 0.40, P < 0.01). Ad libitum fluid intake showed no case of EAH in a single-stage mountain bike ultra-marathon. In contrast to previous findings, the faster athletes drank more than the slower ones.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:31 Jan 2012 18:27
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:32
Publisher:Chinese Physiological Society
ISSN:0304-4920
Publisher DOI:10.4077/CJP.2011.AMM050
Official URL:http://www.cps.org.tw/docs/Vol54%20No6P%20Article%201.pdf
PubMed ID:22229504
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-57767

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