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The Concurrent Validity and Sensitivity of Change of the German Version of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales in a Psychiatric Inpatient Setting


Theodoridou, A; Jaeger, M; Ketteler, D; Kawohl, W; Lauber, C; Hoff, P; Rössler, W (2011). The Concurrent Validity and Sensitivity of Change of the German Version of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales in a Psychiatric Inpatient Setting. Psychopathology, 44(6):391-397.

Abstract

Background: The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) were developed to assess the severity of a mental illness. They are used as outcome measures in different countries, and are meanwhile translated from the original English version into many languages, among others into German (HoNOS-D). We conducted a study in order to estimate the concurrent validity and sensitivity to change using clinical parameters as ICD-10 diagnoses, as well as the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI), and the Association for Methodology and Documentation in Psychiatry (AMDP) psychopathology scale, a frequently used psychopathological rating system, in a representative clinical sample. Sampling and Methods: Data on the three instruments (CGI, AMDP, HoNOS-D) were collected at admission and discharge of 100 psychiatric inpatients using a representative clinical sample. Experienced clinicians completed the CGI, AMDP and HoNOS-D. Descriptive and comparative data analyses were performed. We estimated the concurrent validity by calculating correlations between the HoNOS and other scales. Secondly, we examined the differences between HoNOS scores related to diagnoses and demographic parameters. Thirdly we calculated change criteria and outcome effect size for the HoNOS. Results: Even in a small clinical sample (n = 100), the HoNOS-D items are highly correlated with the corresponding AMDP syndromes (p ! 0.003). The HoNOS-D score is associated with the CGI score (p ! 0.01). Correlations of HoNOS symptoms, behavior and impairment items with AMDP syndromes as well as differences in diagnoses were appropriate and comprehensible as regards clinical content, and change on the HoNOS total score is statistically significant (t = 6.57, d.f. = 89, p ! 0.0001). Conclusion: This study is the first to investigate the concurrent validity of HoNOS-D concerning psychopathology using the AMDP rating system in a clinical sample of patients with mental disorders in an inpatient setting. HoNOS-D can be recommended for routinely screening outcomes in inpatient psychiatric settings. Our analysis showed that HoNOS-D covers psychopathology corresponding to the AMDP rating system. A limitation of the study is that the study sample comprised only an inpatient population; there may well be differences compared to an outpatient sample.

Background: The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) were developed to assess the severity of a mental illness. They are used as outcome measures in different countries, and are meanwhile translated from the original English version into many languages, among others into German (HoNOS-D). We conducted a study in order to estimate the concurrent validity and sensitivity to change using clinical parameters as ICD-10 diagnoses, as well as the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI), and the Association for Methodology and Documentation in Psychiatry (AMDP) psychopathology scale, a frequently used psychopathological rating system, in a representative clinical sample. Sampling and Methods: Data on the three instruments (CGI, AMDP, HoNOS-D) were collected at admission and discharge of 100 psychiatric inpatients using a representative clinical sample. Experienced clinicians completed the CGI, AMDP and HoNOS-D. Descriptive and comparative data analyses were performed. We estimated the concurrent validity by calculating correlations between the HoNOS and other scales. Secondly, we examined the differences between HoNOS scores related to diagnoses and demographic parameters. Thirdly we calculated change criteria and outcome effect size for the HoNOS. Results: Even in a small clinical sample (n = 100), the HoNOS-D items are highly correlated with the corresponding AMDP syndromes (p ! 0.003). The HoNOS-D score is associated with the CGI score (p ! 0.01). Correlations of HoNOS symptoms, behavior and impairment items with AMDP syndromes as well as differences in diagnoses were appropriate and comprehensible as regards clinical content, and change on the HoNOS total score is statistically significant (t = 6.57, d.f. = 89, p ! 0.0001). Conclusion: This study is the first to investigate the concurrent validity of HoNOS-D concerning psychopathology using the AMDP rating system in a clinical sample of patients with mental disorders in an inpatient setting. HoNOS-D can be recommended for routinely screening outcomes in inpatient psychiatric settings. Our analysis showed that HoNOS-D covers psychopathology corresponding to the AMDP rating system. A limitation of the study is that the study sample comprised only an inpatient population; there may well be differences compared to an outpatient sample.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical and Social Psychiatry Zurich West (former)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:06 Mar 2012 10:20
Last Modified:14 Jul 2016 07:41
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:0254-4962
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000325172
PubMed ID:21968711
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-57923

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