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Acute plant poisoning: analysis of clinical features and circumstances of exposure


Fuchs, J; Rauber-Lüthy, C; Kupferschmidt, H; Kupper, J; Kullak-Ublick, G A; Ceschi, A (2011). Acute plant poisoning: analysis of clinical features and circumstances of exposure. Clinical Toxicology, 49(7):671-680.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Human contact with potentially toxic plants, which may occur through abuse or by accident or attempted suicide, is frequent and sometimes results in clinically significant toxicity.
OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present study was to identify which plants may lead to severe poisoning, and to define the clinical relevance of plant toxicity for humans in Switzerland.
METHODS:

We analyzed 42,193 cases of human plant exposure and 255 acute moderate, severe, and lethal poisonings, which were reported to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre between January 1995 and December 2009.
RESULTS:

Plant contact was rarely responsible for serious poisonings. Lethal intoxications were extremely rare and were caused by plants with cardiotoxic (Taxus baccata) or mitosis-inhibiting (Colchicum autumnale) properties.
CONCLUSIONS:

Most often, plant contact was accidental and patients remained asymptomatic or developed mild symptoms, which fully resolved within a short time.

INTRODUCTION:

Human contact with potentially toxic plants, which may occur through abuse or by accident or attempted suicide, is frequent and sometimes results in clinically significant toxicity.
OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present study was to identify which plants may lead to severe poisoning, and to define the clinical relevance of plant toxicity for humans in Switzerland.
METHODS:

We analyzed 42,193 cases of human plant exposure and 255 acute moderate, severe, and lethal poisonings, which were reported to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre between January 1995 and December 2009.
RESULTS:

Plant contact was rarely responsible for serious poisonings. Lethal intoxications were extremely rare and were caused by plants with cardiotoxic (Taxus baccata) or mitosis-inhibiting (Colchicum autumnale) properties.
CONCLUSIONS:

Most often, plant contact was accidental and patients remained asymptomatic or developed mild symptoms, which fully resolved within a short time.

Citations

5 citations in Web of Science®
6 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:11 Feb 2012 13:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:33
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1556-3650 (P) 1556-9519 (E)
Publisher DOI:10.3109/15563650.2011.597034
PubMed ID:21809910
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-58163

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