Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-58163
Fuchs, J; Rauber-Lüthy, C; Kupferschmidt, H; Kupper, J; Kullak-Ublick, G A; Ceschi, A (2011). Acute plant poisoning: analysis of clinical features and circumstances of exposure. Clinical Toxicology, 49(7):671-680.
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Human contact with potentially toxic plants, which may occur through abuse or by accident or attempted suicide, is frequent and sometimes results in clinically significant toxicity.
The aim of the present study was to identify which plants may lead to severe poisoning, and to define the clinical relevance of plant toxicity for humans in Switzerland.
We analyzed 42,193 cases of human plant exposure and 255 acute moderate, severe, and lethal poisonings, which were reported to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre between January 1995 and December 2009.
Plant contact was rarely responsible for serious poisonings. Lethal intoxications were extremely rare and were caused by plants with cardiotoxic (Taxus baccata) or mitosis-inhibiting (Colchicum autumnale) properties.
Most often, plant contact was accidental and patients remained asymptomatic or developed mild symptoms, which fully resolved within a short time.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology|
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
610 Medicine & health
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2012 14:20|
|Last Modified:||17 Apr 2014 23:00|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|ISSN:||1556-3650 (P) 1556-9519 (E)|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 4|
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