UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The treatment of supracondylar humeral fractures with elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) in children


Lacher, M; Schaeffer, K; Boehm, R; Dietz, H G (2011). The treatment of supracondylar humeral fractures with elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) in children. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics, 31(1):33-38.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Supracondylar humeral fractures are the most common elbow fractures in children. In case of displacement and instability, the standard procedure is closed reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation. As Kirschner wire fixation requires postoperative cast immobilization, does not allow early mobilization, and is associated with the risk of damage of the ulnar nerve, innovative techniques should be evaluated. Therefore, the aim of the study was to assess both radiologic and functional outcome of supracondylar humeral fractures treated by elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) in a large pediatric cohort.
METHODS:

Retrospective review of children who underwent closed reduction and ESIN of displaced supracondylar humeral fractures in our institution between 2001 and 2009.
RESULTS:

One hundred twenty-seven children (mean age 6.1 y) with types II (60.6%), III (23.6%), and IV (15.7%) fractures according to the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) Pediatric Comprehensive Classification were included. One hundred and eighteen patients (92.9%) had healing of fracture without any limitation in range of motion and 9 patients (7.1%) had some minor degree of long-term functional deficit (7 children with flexion and 2 with extension deficit). Two children had clinical cubitus varus deformity. No iatrogenic damage to the ulnar nerve occurred and no secondary reduction or a change of surgical strategy was necessary. Postoperative radiologic evaluation showed antecurvation in 1 case, recurvation in 3 cases, as well as cubitus varus deformity and rotation deformity in 1 child each.

CONCLUSIONS:

Antegrade ESIN is a technique suitable for all types of supracondylar humeral fractures with good functional results. The advantages include the avoidance of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury, low rates of cubitus varus, cast-free treatment, and the possibility to evaluate clinical motion at all times postoperatively. Although biased toward milder forms of supracondylar fractures, our data clearly suggest that if closed reduction is possible, intramedullary nailing in these children is more than an alternative to Kirschner wire fixation as the standard procedure.

BACKGROUND:

Supracondylar humeral fractures are the most common elbow fractures in children. In case of displacement and instability, the standard procedure is closed reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation. As Kirschner wire fixation requires postoperative cast immobilization, does not allow early mobilization, and is associated with the risk of damage of the ulnar nerve, innovative techniques should be evaluated. Therefore, the aim of the study was to assess both radiologic and functional outcome of supracondylar humeral fractures treated by elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) in a large pediatric cohort.
METHODS:

Retrospective review of children who underwent closed reduction and ESIN of displaced supracondylar humeral fractures in our institution between 2001 and 2009.
RESULTS:

One hundred twenty-seven children (mean age 6.1 y) with types II (60.6%), III (23.6%), and IV (15.7%) fractures according to the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) Pediatric Comprehensive Classification were included. One hundred and eighteen patients (92.9%) had healing of fracture without any limitation in range of motion and 9 patients (7.1%) had some minor degree of long-term functional deficit (7 children with flexion and 2 with extension deficit). Two children had clinical cubitus varus deformity. No iatrogenic damage to the ulnar nerve occurred and no secondary reduction or a change of surgical strategy was necessary. Postoperative radiologic evaluation showed antecurvation in 1 case, recurvation in 3 cases, as well as cubitus varus deformity and rotation deformity in 1 child each.

CONCLUSIONS:

Antegrade ESIN is a technique suitable for all types of supracondylar humeral fractures with good functional results. The advantages include the avoidance of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury, low rates of cubitus varus, cast-free treatment, and the possibility to evaluate clinical motion at all times postoperatively. Although biased toward milder forms of supracondylar fractures, our data clearly suggest that if closed reduction is possible, intramedullary nailing in these children is more than an alternative to Kirschner wire fixation as the standard procedure.

Citations

9 citations in Web of Science®
12 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:24 Feb 2012 15:57
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:33
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:1539-2570
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181ff64c0
PubMed ID:21150729

Download

Full text not available from this repository.View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations