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Simultaneous PET/MR imaging in a human brain PET/MR system in 50 patients-Current state of image quality


Schwenzer, N F; Stegger, L; Bisdas, S; Schraml, C; Kolb, A; Boss, A; Müller, M; Reimold, M; Ernemann, U; Claussen, C D; Pfannenberg, C; Schmidt, H (2012). Simultaneous PET/MR imaging in a human brain PET/MR system in 50 patients-Current state of image quality. European Journal of Radiology, 81(11):3472-3478.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The present work illustrates the current state of image quality and diagnostic accuracy in a new hybrid BrainPET/MR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 patients with intracranial masses, head and upper neck tumors or neurodegenerative diseases were examined with a hybrid BrainPET/MR consisting of a conventional 3T MR system and an MR-compatible PET insert. Directly before PET/MR, all patients underwent a PET/CT examination with either [(18)F]-FDG, [(11)C]-methionine or [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC. In addition to anatomical MR scans, functional sequences were performed including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), arterial spin labeling (ASL) and proton-spectroscopy. Image quality score of MR imaging was evaluated using a 4-point-scale. PET data quality was assessed by evaluating FDG-uptake and tumor delineation with [(11)C]-methionine and [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC. FDG uptake quantification accuracy was evaluated by means of ROI analysis (right and left frontal and temporo-occipital lobes). The asymmetry indices and ratios between frontal and occipital ROIs were compared. RESULTS: In 45/50 patients, PET/MR examination was successful. Visual analysis revealed a diagnostic image quality of anatomical MR imaging (mean quality score T2 FSE: 1.27±0.54; FLAIR: 1.38±0.61). ASL and proton-spectroscopy was possible in all cases. In DTI, dental artifacts lead to one non-diagnostic dataset (mean quality score DTI: 1.32±0.69; ASL: 1.10±0.31). PET datasets of PET/MR and PET/CT offered comparable tumor delineation with [(11)C]-methionine; additional lesions were found in 2/8 [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC-PET in the PET/MR. Mean asymmetry index revealed a high accordance between PET/MR and PET/CT (1.5±2.2% vs. 0.9±3.6%; mean ratio (frontal/parieto-occipital) 0.93±0.08 vs. 0.96±0.05), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The hybrid BrainPET/MR allows for molecular, anatomical and functional imaging with uncompromised MR image quality and a high accordance of PET results between PET/MR and PET/CT. These results justify the application of this technique in further clinical studies and may contribute to the transfer into whole-body PET/MR systems.

OBJECTIVES: The present work illustrates the current state of image quality and diagnostic accuracy in a new hybrid BrainPET/MR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 patients with intracranial masses, head and upper neck tumors or neurodegenerative diseases were examined with a hybrid BrainPET/MR consisting of a conventional 3T MR system and an MR-compatible PET insert. Directly before PET/MR, all patients underwent a PET/CT examination with either [(18)F]-FDG, [(11)C]-methionine or [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC. In addition to anatomical MR scans, functional sequences were performed including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), arterial spin labeling (ASL) and proton-spectroscopy. Image quality score of MR imaging was evaluated using a 4-point-scale. PET data quality was assessed by evaluating FDG-uptake and tumor delineation with [(11)C]-methionine and [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC. FDG uptake quantification accuracy was evaluated by means of ROI analysis (right and left frontal and temporo-occipital lobes). The asymmetry indices and ratios between frontal and occipital ROIs were compared. RESULTS: In 45/50 patients, PET/MR examination was successful. Visual analysis revealed a diagnostic image quality of anatomical MR imaging (mean quality score T2 FSE: 1.27±0.54; FLAIR: 1.38±0.61). ASL and proton-spectroscopy was possible in all cases. In DTI, dental artifacts lead to one non-diagnostic dataset (mean quality score DTI: 1.32±0.69; ASL: 1.10±0.31). PET datasets of PET/MR and PET/CT offered comparable tumor delineation with [(11)C]-methionine; additional lesions were found in 2/8 [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC-PET in the PET/MR. Mean asymmetry index revealed a high accordance between PET/MR and PET/CT (1.5±2.2% vs. 0.9±3.6%; mean ratio (frontal/parieto-occipital) 0.93±0.08 vs. 0.96±0.05), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The hybrid BrainPET/MR allows for molecular, anatomical and functional imaging with uncompromised MR image quality and a high accordance of PET results between PET/MR and PET/CT. These results justify the application of this technique in further clinical studies and may contribute to the transfer into whole-body PET/MR systems.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:02 Apr 2012 15:16
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:35
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0720-048X
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2011.12.027
PubMed ID:22260898
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-58675

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