UZH-Logo

Synthetic lethality of PARP inhibition in cancers lacking BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations


Dedes, K J; Wilkerson, P M; Wetterskog, D; Weigelt, B; Ashworth, A; Reis-Filho, J S (2011). Synthetic lethality of PARP inhibition in cancers lacking BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. Cell Cycle, 10(8):1192-1199.

Abstract

Utilizing the concept of synthetic lethality has provided new opportunities for the development of targeted therapies, by allowing the targeting of loss of function genetic aberrations. In cancer cells with BRCA1 or BRCA2 loss of function, which harbor deficiency of DNA repair by homologous recombination, inhibition of PARP1 enzymatic activity leads to an accumulation of single strand breaks that are converted to double strand breaks but cannot be repaired by homologous recombination. Inhibition of PARP has therefore been advanced as a novel targeted therapy for cancers harboring BRCA1/2 mutations. Preclinical and preliminary clinical evidence, however, suggests a potentially broader scope for PARP inhibitors. Loss of function of various proteins involved in double strand break repair other than BRCA1/2 has been suggested to be synthetically lethal with PARP inhibition. Inactivation of these genes has been reported in a subset of human cancers and might therefore constitute predictive biomarkers for PARP inhibition. Here we discuss the evidence that the clinical use of PARP inhibition may be broader than targeting of cancers in BRCA1/2 germ-line mutation carriers.

Utilizing the concept of synthetic lethality has provided new opportunities for the development of targeted therapies, by allowing the targeting of loss of function genetic aberrations. In cancer cells with BRCA1 or BRCA2 loss of function, which harbor deficiency of DNA repair by homologous recombination, inhibition of PARP1 enzymatic activity leads to an accumulation of single strand breaks that are converted to double strand breaks but cannot be repaired by homologous recombination. Inhibition of PARP has therefore been advanced as a novel targeted therapy for cancers harboring BRCA1/2 mutations. Preclinical and preliminary clinical evidence, however, suggests a potentially broader scope for PARP inhibitors. Loss of function of various proteins involved in double strand break repair other than BRCA1/2 has been suggested to be synthetically lethal with PARP inhibition. Inactivation of these genes has been reported in a subset of human cancers and might therefore constitute predictive biomarkers for PARP inhibition. Here we discuss the evidence that the clinical use of PARP inhibition may be broader than targeting of cancers in BRCA1/2 germ-line mutation carriers.

Citations

56 citations in Web of Science®
67 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 16 Feb 2012
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gynecology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:16 Feb 2012 15:59
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:37
Publisher:Landes Bioscience
ISSN:1538-4101 (P) 1551-4005 (E)
Publisher DOI:10.4161/cc.10.8.15273
PubMed ID:21487248
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-59225

Download

[img]
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations