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Da Silva Souza, Alessandra; Oberauer, Klaus; Gade, Miriam; Druey, Michel D. (2012). Processing of representations in declarative and procedural working memory. Quarterly journal of experimental psychology, 65(5):1006-1033.

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Abstract

The article investigates the relation between declarative and procedural working memory (WM; Oberauer, 2009). Two experiments test the assumption that representations in the two subsystems are selected for processing in analogous ways. Participants carried out a series of decisions on memorized lists of digits. For each decision, they had to select declarative and procedural representations. Regarding declarative representations, participants selected a memory set and a digit within this set as the input to each decision. With respect to the procedural representations, they selected a task set to be applied to the selected digit and a response within that task set. We independently manipulated the number of lists and the number of tasks to be switched among (one, two, or three; Experiment 1) and preparation time for a list switch (Experiment 2). For three effects commonly observed in task-switch studies, analogues in declarative WM were found: list-switch costs, mixing costs, and residual switch costs. List- and task-switch costs were underadditive, suggesting that declarative and procedural representations are selected separately and in parallel. The findings support the hypothesis of two analogous WM subsystems.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
DDC:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:08 May 2012 14:07
Last Modified:28 Nov 2013 01:53
Publisher:Psychology Press
ISSN:1747-0226
Publisher DOI:10.1080/17470218.2011.640403
PubMed ID:22332900
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 5
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Scopus®. Citation Count: 4

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