UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Characterization of the promoter and the transcriptional regulation of the Lipoxin A4 receptor (FPR2/ALX) gene in human monocytes and macrophages


Waechter, Vanessa; Schmid, Mattia; Herova, Magdalena; Weber, Angelika; Günther, Viola; Marti-Jaun, Jacqueline; Wüst, Sophia; Rösinger, Marian; Gemperle, Claudio; Hersberger, Martin (2012). Characterization of the promoter and the transcriptional regulation of the Lipoxin A4 receptor (FPR2/ALX) gene in human monocytes and macrophages. Journal of Immunology, 188(4):1856-1867.

Abstract

The lipoxin A4 receptor FPR2/ALX plays an important part in host defense and inflammation. The receptor binds structurally diverse agonistic ligands, which mainly regulate chemotaxis and activation of leukocytes. However, little is known about the promoter region of the FPR2/ALX gene and its transcriptional regulation in leukocytes. We identified two TATA-less promoter regions, separated by 224 bp, that drive the expression of FPR2/ALX in macrophages. Both promoter regions increased transcription in a reporter assay, and the basal transcription factors OCT1 and SP1 were shown to bind the first and the second promoter, respectively, and to transactivate transcription. Although monocytes expressed high levels of FPR2/ALX mRNA from the second promoter region, differentiation into macrophages abrogated FPR2/ALX expression. Stimulation of macrophages with a set of cytokines revealed that only IFN-γ and LPS increased FPR2/ALX expression from the first promoter to levels similar to those detected in monocytes. The upregulation by IFN-γ is in part mediated by the interaction of IFN regulatory factor 1 with an IFN-responsive sequence element transcription factor binding site located in the first promoter region of the FPR2/ALX gene. However, this upregulation on the mRNA level did not translate into FPR2/ALX protein expression in macrophages owing to reduced translation of the longer mRNA from the first promoter. In contrast, FPR2/ALX mRNA transcribed from the second promoter was translated into surface expression of FPR2/ALX in monocytes. These data support a model in which FPR2/ALX plays a role in chemotaxis and activation of monocytes; however, they also suggest that its function in resident tissue macrophages is limited.

Abstract

The lipoxin A4 receptor FPR2/ALX plays an important part in host defense and inflammation. The receptor binds structurally diverse agonistic ligands, which mainly regulate chemotaxis and activation of leukocytes. However, little is known about the promoter region of the FPR2/ALX gene and its transcriptional regulation in leukocytes. We identified two TATA-less promoter regions, separated by 224 bp, that drive the expression of FPR2/ALX in macrophages. Both promoter regions increased transcription in a reporter assay, and the basal transcription factors OCT1 and SP1 were shown to bind the first and the second promoter, respectively, and to transactivate transcription. Although monocytes expressed high levels of FPR2/ALX mRNA from the second promoter region, differentiation into macrophages abrogated FPR2/ALX expression. Stimulation of macrophages with a set of cytokines revealed that only IFN-γ and LPS increased FPR2/ALX expression from the first promoter to levels similar to those detected in monocytes. The upregulation by IFN-γ is in part mediated by the interaction of IFN regulatory factor 1 with an IFN-responsive sequence element transcription factor binding site located in the first promoter region of the FPR2/ALX gene. However, this upregulation on the mRNA level did not translate into FPR2/ALX protein expression in macrophages owing to reduced translation of the longer mRNA from the first promoter. In contrast, FPR2/ALX mRNA transcribed from the second promoter was translated into surface expression of FPR2/ALX in monocytes. These data support a model in which FPR2/ALX plays a role in chemotaxis and activation of monocytes; however, they also suggest that its function in resident tissue macrophages is limited.

Citations

13 citations in Web of Science®
12 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 04 Apr 2012
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2012
Deposited On:04 Apr 2012 07:17
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:39
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN:0022-1767
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1101788
PubMed ID:22246625

Download

[img]
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations