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Plant and soil lipid modifications under elevated atmospheric CO2 conditions: I. Lipid distribution patterns


Wiesenberg, G L B; Schmidt, M W I; Schwark, L (2008). Plant and soil lipid modifications under elevated atmospheric CO2 conditions: I. Lipid distribution patterns. Organic Geochemistry, 39(1):91-102.

Abstract

Grassland soils are regarded as one potential sink for atmospheric CO2 via photosynthetic fixation in plant biomass
subsequent transformation into soil organic matter upon degradation. In the future, an enrichment in atmospheric
concentration is expected, leading to modified photosynthetic activity in plant biomass. Free air CO2 enrichment (FACE)experiments provide an opportunity for investigating under field conditions plant behaviour expected under future atmospheric composition. Lipid components are important constituents of plant surfaces, whereby their position at the atmosphere interface leads to a high susceptibility towards environmental change. The main focus of this study was investigation of the modification in lipid distribution patterns within plant biomass and the translocation of these towards, and fixation within, soil organic matter as a result of enhanced CO2 concentration. We demonstrate which
are mainly influenced under modified CO2 concentrations and show how this affects the lipid composition of plant biomass
and soil. Carboxylic acid, alcohol and aliphatic hydrocarbon distribution patterns of plant biomass and soils are discussed.
While short chain acids reveal a uniform depletion in unsaturated C18 acids in plants and soils under enhanced CO2 concentration, the alcohol fraction shows diverse trends for Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens plants and soil. Long alcohols increase in abundance for L. perenne and decrease for T. repens samples. The n-alkanes in soil, as degradation products of plant-derived acids and alcohols, exhibit minor compositional variation. Decreasing amounts of plant-derived acids vs. increasing concentrations of alcohols are noted for T. repens samples. The study demonstrates the response molecular level of selected plants under enhanced atmospheric CO2 concentration. Lipid compositional variation is modified
by photosynthetic activity and adapted biosynthesis under future atmospheric conditions may be expected.

Grassland soils are regarded as one potential sink for atmospheric CO2 via photosynthetic fixation in plant biomass
subsequent transformation into soil organic matter upon degradation. In the future, an enrichment in atmospheric
concentration is expected, leading to modified photosynthetic activity in plant biomass. Free air CO2 enrichment (FACE)experiments provide an opportunity for investigating under field conditions plant behaviour expected under future atmospheric composition. Lipid components are important constituents of plant surfaces, whereby their position at the atmosphere interface leads to a high susceptibility towards environmental change. The main focus of this study was investigation of the modification in lipid distribution patterns within plant biomass and the translocation of these towards, and fixation within, soil organic matter as a result of enhanced CO2 concentration. We demonstrate which
are mainly influenced under modified CO2 concentrations and show how this affects the lipid composition of plant biomass
and soil. Carboxylic acid, alcohol and aliphatic hydrocarbon distribution patterns of plant biomass and soils are discussed.
While short chain acids reveal a uniform depletion in unsaturated C18 acids in plants and soils under enhanced CO2 concentration, the alcohol fraction shows diverse trends for Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens plants and soil. Long alcohols increase in abundance for L. perenne and decrease for T. repens samples. The n-alkanes in soil, as degradation products of plant-derived acids and alcohols, exhibit minor compositional variation. Decreasing amounts of plant-derived acids vs. increasing concentrations of alcohols are noted for T. repens samples. The study demonstrates the response molecular level of selected plants under enhanced atmospheric CO2 concentration. Lipid compositional variation is modified
by photosynthetic activity and adapted biosynthesis under future atmospheric conditions may be expected.

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23 citations in Web of Science®
25 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:January 2008
Deposited On:02 Dec 2008 10:50
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:35
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0146-6380
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2007.09.005
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-5992

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