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Dosimetric evaluation and comparison of different RF exposure apparatuses used in human volunteer studies


Boutry, C M; Kuehn, S; Achermann, P; Romann, A; Keshvari, J; Kuster, N (2008). Dosimetric evaluation and comparison of different RF exposure apparatuses used in human volunteer studies. Bioelectromagnetics, 29(1):11-9.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to provide the information necessary to enable the comparison of exposure conditions in different human volunteer studies published by the research groups at the Universities of Turku, Swinburne, and Zurich. The latter applied a setup optimized for human volunteer studies in the context of risk assessment while the first two applied a modified commercial mobile phone for which detailed dosimetric data were lacking. While the Zurich Setup exposed the entire cortex of the target hemisphere, the other two setups resulted in only very localized exposure of the upper cheek, and concentrated on a limited area of the middle temporal gyrus just above the ear. The resulting peak spatial SAR averaged over 1 g of the cortex was 0.19 W/kg of the Swinburne Setup, and 0.31 W/kg for the Turku Setup, compared to 1 W/kg for the Zurich Setup. The average exposure of the thalamus was 5% and 9% of the Zurich Setup results for the Swinburne and Turku Setups, respectively. In general, the phone-based setup results in only reasonably defined exposures in a very limited area around the maximum exposure; the exposure of the rest of the cortex was low, and may vary greatly as a function of the setup, position, and local anatomy. The analysis confirms the need for a carefully designed exposure setup that exposes the relevant brain areas to a well-defined level in human volunteer studies, and shows that studies can only be properly compared and replicated if sufficiently detailed dosimetric information is available.

The aim of this study was to provide the information necessary to enable the comparison of exposure conditions in different human volunteer studies published by the research groups at the Universities of Turku, Swinburne, and Zurich. The latter applied a setup optimized for human volunteer studies in the context of risk assessment while the first two applied a modified commercial mobile phone for which detailed dosimetric data were lacking. While the Zurich Setup exposed the entire cortex of the target hemisphere, the other two setups resulted in only very localized exposure of the upper cheek, and concentrated on a limited area of the middle temporal gyrus just above the ear. The resulting peak spatial SAR averaged over 1 g of the cortex was 0.19 W/kg of the Swinburne Setup, and 0.31 W/kg for the Turku Setup, compared to 1 W/kg for the Zurich Setup. The average exposure of the thalamus was 5% and 9% of the Zurich Setup results for the Swinburne and Turku Setups, respectively. In general, the phone-based setup results in only reasonably defined exposures in a very limited area around the maximum exposure; the exposure of the rest of the cortex was low, and may vary greatly as a function of the setup, position, and local anatomy. The analysis confirms the need for a carefully designed exposure setup that exposes the relevant brain areas to a well-defined level in human volunteer studies, and shows that studies can only be properly compared and replicated if sufficiently detailed dosimetric information is available.

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20 citations in Web of Science®
20 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:24 Nov 2008 14:00
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:36
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0197-8462
Publisher DOI:10.1002/bem.20356
PubMed ID:17694536
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-6072

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