Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-60958
Jochmann, R; Blanckenhorn, W U; Bussière, L; Eirkson, C E; Jensen, J; Kryger, U; Lahr, J; Lumaret, J-P; Römbke, J; Wardhaugh, K G; Floate, K D (2011). How to test nontarget effects of veterinary pharmaceutical residues in livestock dung in the field. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 7(2):287-296.
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To register veterinary medicinal products (VMPs) as parasiticides on pastured animals, legislation in the European Union requires an environmental risk assessment to test the potential nontarget effects of fecal residues on dung-dwelling organisms. Products with adverse effects in single-species laboratory tests require further, higher-tier testing to assess the extent of these effects on entire communities of dung-dwelling organisms under more realistic ﬁeld or semiﬁeld conditions. Currently, there are no documents speciﬁcally written to assist researchers in conducting higher-tier tests or to assist regulators in interpreting the results of such tests in an appropriate context. Here we provide such a document, written by members of the SETAC Advisory Group DOTTS (Dung Organism Toxicity Testing Standardization) with research experience on dung fauna in central and southern Europe, Canada, Australia, and South Africa. This document brieﬂy reviews the organisms that make up the dung community and their role in dung degradation, identiﬁes key considerations in the design and interpretation of experimental studies, and makes recommendations on how to proceed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies|
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
590 Animals (Zoology)
|Deposited On:||12 Mar 2012 14:58|
|Last Modified:||30 Nov 2012 09:08|
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