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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-61188

Boahen, K; Wang, Y; Wijekoon, J; Serrano-Gotarredona, T; Saighi, S; Folowosele, F; Hynna, K; Arthur, J; Cauwenberghs, G; Schemmel, J; Renaud, S; Häfliger, P; Dudek, P; Liu, S-C; Delbruck, T; Etienne-Cummings, R; van Schaik, A; Hamilton, T J; Linares-Barranco, B; Indiveri, G (2011). Neuromorphic Silicon Neuron Circuits. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 5:73.

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Abstract

Hardware implementations of spiking neurons can be extremely useful for a large variety of applications, ranging from high-speed modeling of large-scale neural systems to real-time behaving systems, to bidirectional brain–machine interfaces. The specific circuit solutions used to implement silicon neurons depend on the application requirements. In this paper we describe the most common building blocks and techniques used to implement these circuits, and present an overview of a wide range of neuromorphic silicon neurons, which implement different computational models, ranging from biophysically realistic and conductance-based Hodgkin–Huxley models to bi-dimensional generalized adaptive integrate and fire models. We compare the different design methodologies used for each silicon neuron design described, and demonstrate their features with experimental results, measured from a wide range of fabricated VLSI chips.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Neuroinformatics
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Analog VLSI;Subthreshold;Spiking;Integrate and fire;Conductance based;Adaptive exponential;Log-domain;Circuit
Language:English
Date:05 May 2011
Deposited On:12 Mar 2012 12:36
Last Modified:29 Nov 2012 07:20
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1662-453X
Publisher DOI:10.3389/fnins.2011.00073
PubMed ID:21747754
Citations:Google Scholar™

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