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Protocol for measuring myocardial blood flow by PET/CT in cats


Jenni Oswald, S D; Schepis, T; Jenni, R; Siegrist, P T; Kaufmann, P A; Glaus, T M (2009). Protocol for measuring myocardial blood flow by PET/CT in cats. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 36(2):244-249.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to establish a protocol for measuring myocardial blood flow (MBF) by PET/CT in healthy cats. The rationale was its future use in Maine Coon cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) as a model for human HCM. METHODS: MBF was measured in nine anaesthetized healthy cats using a PET/CT scanner and (13)NH(3) at rest and during adenosine infusion. Each cat was randomly assigned to receive vasodilator stress with two or three adenosine infusions at the following rates (mug/kg per minute): 140 (Ado 1, standard rate for humans), 280 (Ado 2, twice the human standard rate), 560 (Ado 4), 840 (Ado 6) and 1,120 (Ado 8). RESULTS: The median MBF at rest was 1.26 ml/min per g (n = 9; range 0.88-1.72 ml/min per g). There was no significant difference at Ado 1 (n = 3; median 1.35, range 0.93-1.55 ml/min per g; ns) but MBF was significantly greater at Ado 2 (n = 6; 2.16, range 1.35-2.68 ml/min per g; p < 0.05) and Ado 4 (n = 6; 2.11, 1.92-2.45 ml/min per g; p < 0.05). Large ranges of MBF values at Ado 6 (n = 4; 2.53, 2.32-5.63 ml/min per g; ns) and Ado 8 (n = 3; 2.21, 1.92-5.70 ml/min per g; ns) were noted. Observed adverse effects, including hypotension, AV-block and ventricular premature contractions, were all mild, of short duration and immediately reversed after cessation of the adenosine infusion. CONCLUSION: MBF can be safely measured in cats using PET. An intravenous adenosine infusion at a rate of 280 mug/kg per minute seems most appropriate to induce maximal hyperaemic MBF response in healthy cats. Higher adenosine rates appear less suitable as they are associated with a large heterogeneity in flow increase and rate pressure product, most probably due to the large variability in haemodynamic and heart rate response.

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to establish a protocol for measuring myocardial blood flow (MBF) by PET/CT in healthy cats. The rationale was its future use in Maine Coon cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) as a model for human HCM. METHODS: MBF was measured in nine anaesthetized healthy cats using a PET/CT scanner and (13)NH(3) at rest and during adenosine infusion. Each cat was randomly assigned to receive vasodilator stress with two or three adenosine infusions at the following rates (mug/kg per minute): 140 (Ado 1, standard rate for humans), 280 (Ado 2, twice the human standard rate), 560 (Ado 4), 840 (Ado 6) and 1,120 (Ado 8). RESULTS: The median MBF at rest was 1.26 ml/min per g (n = 9; range 0.88-1.72 ml/min per g). There was no significant difference at Ado 1 (n = 3; median 1.35, range 0.93-1.55 ml/min per g; ns) but MBF was significantly greater at Ado 2 (n = 6; 2.16, range 1.35-2.68 ml/min per g; p < 0.05) and Ado 4 (n = 6; 2.11, 1.92-2.45 ml/min per g; p < 0.05). Large ranges of MBF values at Ado 6 (n = 4; 2.53, 2.32-5.63 ml/min per g; ns) and Ado 8 (n = 3; 2.21, 1.92-5.70 ml/min per g; ns) were noted. Observed adverse effects, including hypotension, AV-block and ventricular premature contractions, were all mild, of short duration and immediately reversed after cessation of the adenosine infusion. CONCLUSION: MBF can be safely measured in cats using PET. An intravenous adenosine infusion at a rate of 280 mug/kg per minute seems most appropriate to induce maximal hyperaemic MBF response in healthy cats. Higher adenosine rates appear less suitable as they are associated with a large heterogeneity in flow increase and rate pressure product, most probably due to the large variability in haemodynamic and heart rate response.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2009
Deposited On:25 Nov 2008 15:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:36
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1619-7070
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s00259-008-0950-7
PubMed ID:18818916
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-6145

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