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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-61637

Schmitz, A; Kellenberger, C J; Lochbuehler, N; Fruehauf, M; Klaghofer, R; Fruehauf, H; Weiss, M (2012). Effect of different quantities of a sugared clear fluid on gastric emptying and residual volume in children: a crossover study using magnetic resonance imaging. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 108(4):644-647.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

/st> Gastric emptying in the first 2 h after 7 ml kg(-1) of sugared clear fluid has recently been investigated in healthy children using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study aims to compare gastric volume and emptying half-life during 1 h after 3 or 7 ml kg(-1) sugared clear fluid intake.
METHODS:

/st> Fourteen healthy volunteer children aged 11.1 (8.2-12.5) yr were investigated prospectively after administration of 3 and 7 ml kg(-1) diluted raspberry syrup in a randomized order, after overnight fasting (baseline). Gastric content volume (GCV(w)) was assessed with a 1.5 Tesla MRI scanner in a blinded fashion. Data are presented as median (range) and compared using the Wilcoxon test.
RESULTS:

/st> Baseline GCV(w) was 0.39 (0.04-1.00) and 0.34 (0.07-0.75) before intake of 3 and 7 ml kg(-1) syrup, respectively (P=0.93). GCV(w) was 0.45 (0.04-1.55)/1.33 (0.30-2.60) ml kg(-1) 60 min after ingestion of 3/7 ml kg(-1) syrup (P=0.002). Thus GCV(w) had declined to baseline after 3 ml kg(-1) (P=0.39) but not after 7 ml kg(-1) (P=0.001) within 60 min. T(1/2) was 20 (10-62)/27 (13-43) min (P=0.73) after 3/7 ml kg(-1).
CONCLUSION:

/st> In healthy volunteer children, residual GCV(w) 1 h after intake of 3 ml kg(-1) syrup is significantly smaller than that after 7 ml kg(-1) and within the range of baseline.

Citations

3 citations in Web of Science®
3 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:19 Apr 2012 07:22
Last Modified:07 Dec 2013 05:06
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0007-0912
Publisher DOI:10.1093/bja/aer497
PubMed ID:22277664

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