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TcaR, which shares sequence homology with MarR-like transcriptional regulators, has been identified as a novel Staphylococcus aureus regulator affecting the expression of the global regulatory element SarS (SarH1), as well as that of the cell surface-associated protein SasF (N315-SA2439). Microarray analysis, confirmatory Northern blots, and genetic complementation experiments showed that TcaR upregulates sarS and thus spa transcription. In addition, it attenuates whole-length transcription of sasF, thereby producing a truncated transcript lacking the 3' terminus, which codes for the cell wall anchor motif. Hence, in strains containing an intact tcaR gene, TcaR is likely to decrease the amount of the surface-associated protein SasF and to increase that of the surface-associated protein A. The widely used laboratory strains derived from NCTC8325 were found to be natural, truncated mutants of tcaR, harboring an inactive TcaR and therefore expressing very low levels of sarS. The data presented here identified TcaR as a further activator of sarS, and a modulator of sasF expression that has to be taken into account in studies of virulence gene expression in S. aureus.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Microbiology|
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
610 Medicine & health
|Deposited On:||14 Aug 2012 09:09|
|Last Modified:||23 Nov 2012 16:48|
|Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology|
|Free access at:||Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.|
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