UZH-Logo

Coronary computed tomography angiography indicates complexity of percutaneous coronary interventions


Stähli, B E; Bonassin, F; Goetti, R; Küest, S M; Frank, M; Altwegg, L A; Gebhard, C; Levis, A; Wischnewsky, M B; Lüscher, T F; Alkadhi, H; Kaufmann, P A; Maier, W (2012). Coronary computed tomography angiography indicates complexity of percutaneous coronary interventions. Journal of Invasive Cardiology, 24(5):196-201.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) provides information regarding lesion morphology and three-dimensional coronary anatomy incremental to coronary angiography. We addressed the question whether preprocedural CCTA bears potential for guiding percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI).
METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-six coronary lesions attempted with PCI within 6 months of preprocedural CCTA were retrospectively assessed. Lesion parameters from unenhanced computed tomography (CT) for calcium scoring and CCTA were analyzed and compared with PCI complexity. Complex PCI was defined as use of buddy wire, kissing balloon, necessity of high pressure balloons, or rotablator. Complex PCIs were observed in 32 interventions (48%). Median Agatston score and Hounsfield units were higher in lesions with complex as compared to those with non-complex interventions with 130 (interquartile range, 23-276) vs 29 (0-158; P=.01), and 493 (245-631) vs 341 (68-520 Hounsfield Units; P=.04), respectively. Median local plaque volume and plaque mass were higher in complex PCI with 17 (2-39) vs 5 (0-19.5 mm³; P=.007), and 48 (15-99) vs. 16 (1.5-63 mg hydroxyapatite/mm³; P=.03), respectively. Lesions leading to complex PCI were longer [1.8 (1.2-2.8) vs 1.3 (0.8-1.7) cm; P=.03], and had a higher rate of calcified plaques (23% vs 3%; P=.03). There was a significant correlation between CCTA- and angiography-derived local SYNTAX Scores (P<.001); the CCTA-derived score seems to be predictive for failed and complex PCI (area under curve = 0.75 ± 0.13 and 0.66 ± 0.08, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Preprocedural lesion assessment by CCTA indicates complexity of PCI. In patients with suspected complex coronary anatomy, prior CCTA adds important information for planning PCI.

BACKGROUND: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) provides information regarding lesion morphology and three-dimensional coronary anatomy incremental to coronary angiography. We addressed the question whether preprocedural CCTA bears potential for guiding percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI).
METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-six coronary lesions attempted with PCI within 6 months of preprocedural CCTA were retrospectively assessed. Lesion parameters from unenhanced computed tomography (CT) for calcium scoring and CCTA were analyzed and compared with PCI complexity. Complex PCI was defined as use of buddy wire, kissing balloon, necessity of high pressure balloons, or rotablator. Complex PCIs were observed in 32 interventions (48%). Median Agatston score and Hounsfield units were higher in lesions with complex as compared to those with non-complex interventions with 130 (interquartile range, 23-276) vs 29 (0-158; P=.01), and 493 (245-631) vs 341 (68-520 Hounsfield Units; P=.04), respectively. Median local plaque volume and plaque mass were higher in complex PCI with 17 (2-39) vs 5 (0-19.5 mm³; P=.007), and 48 (15-99) vs. 16 (1.5-63 mg hydroxyapatite/mm³; P=.03), respectively. Lesions leading to complex PCI were longer [1.8 (1.2-2.8) vs 1.3 (0.8-1.7) cm; P=.03], and had a higher rate of calcified plaques (23% vs 3%; P=.03). There was a significant correlation between CCTA- and angiography-derived local SYNTAX Scores (P<.001); the CCTA-derived score seems to be predictive for failed and complex PCI (area under curve = 0.75 ± 0.13 and 0.66 ± 0.08, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Preprocedural lesion assessment by CCTA indicates complexity of PCI. In patients with suspected complex coronary anatomy, prior CCTA adds important information for planning PCI.

Citations

11 citations in Web of Science®
13 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Downloads

110 downloads since deposited on 21 May 2012
38 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:21 May 2012 14:35
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:48
Publisher:HMP Communications
ISSN:1042-3931
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
PubMed ID:22562911
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-62246

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 194kB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations