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The Drosophila insulin/IGF receptor controls growth and size by modulating PtdInsP(3) levels.


Oldham, S; Stocker, H; Laffargue, M; Wittwer, F; Wymann, M P; Hafen, E (2002). The Drosophila insulin/IGF receptor controls growth and size by modulating PtdInsP(3) levels. Development, 129(17):4103-4109.

Abstract

Understanding the control of size is of fundamental biological and clinical importance. Insulin/IGF signaling during development controls growth and size, possibly by coordinating the activities of the Ras and PI 3-kinase signaling pathways. We show that in Drosophila mutating the consensus binding site for the Ras pathway adaptor Drk/Grb2 in Chico/IRS does not interfere with growth whereas mutating the binding sites of the PI 3-kinase adaptor p60 completely abrogates Chico function. Furthermore, we present biochemical and genetic evidence that loss of the homolog of the tumor suppressor gene, Pten, results in increased PtdInsP(3) levels and that these increased levels are sufficient to compensate for the complete loss of the Insulin/insulin-like growth factor receptor function. This reduction of Pten activity is also sufficient to vastly increase organism size. These results suggest that PtdInsP(3) is a second messenger for growth and that levels of PtdInsP(3) during development regulate organismal size.

Understanding the control of size is of fundamental biological and clinical importance. Insulin/IGF signaling during development controls growth and size, possibly by coordinating the activities of the Ras and PI 3-kinase signaling pathways. We show that in Drosophila mutating the consensus binding site for the Ras pathway adaptor Drk/Grb2 in Chico/IRS does not interfere with growth whereas mutating the binding sites of the PI 3-kinase adaptor p60 completely abrogates Chico function. Furthermore, we present biochemical and genetic evidence that loss of the homolog of the tumor suppressor gene, Pten, results in increased PtdInsP(3) levels and that these increased levels are sufficient to compensate for the complete loss of the Insulin/insulin-like growth factor receptor function. This reduction of Pten activity is also sufficient to vastly increase organism size. These results suggest that PtdInsP(3) is a second messenger for growth and that levels of PtdInsP(3) during development regulate organismal size.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Zoology (former)
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Language:English
Date:1 September 2002
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:16
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:15
Publisher:Company of Biologists
ISSN:0950-1991
Related URLs:http://dev.biologists.org/cgi/content/abstract/129/17/4103
PubMed ID:12163412
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-623

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