Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-62566
Liebrenz, Michael; Hof, Danielle; Buadze, Anna; Stohler, Rudolf; Eich, Dominique (2012). High dose methylphenidate treatment in adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: a case report. Journal of Medical Case Reports, 6:125.
INTRODUCTION: Stimulant medication improves hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity in both pediatric and adult populations with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). However, data regarding the optimal dosage in adults is still limited.
CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 38-year-old Caucasian patient who was diagnosed with ADHD when he was nine years old. He then received up to 10mg Ritalinand 20mg Ritalin SR daily. When he was 13, his medication was changed to desipramine (Norpramin), and both Ritalin and Ritalin SR were discontinued; and at age 18, when he developed obsessive-compulsive symptoms, his medication was changed to clomipramine (Anafranil) 75mg/d. Still suffering from inattention and hyperactivity, the patient began college when he was 19, but did not receive stimulant medication until three years later, when Ritalin 60mg/d was re-established. During the 14 months that followed, he began to use Ritalin excessively, both orally and rectally, in dosages from 4800-6000mg/d. Four years ago, he was referred to our outpatient service, where his ADHD was re-evaluated. At that point, the patient's daily Ritalin dosage was reduced to 200mg/d orally, but he still experienced pronounced symptoms of ADHD, so this dosage was raised again. The patient's plasma levels consistently remained between 60-187 nmol/l--within the recommended range--and signs of his obsessive-compulsive symptoms diminished with fluoxetine 40mg/d. Finally, on a dosage of 378mg Concerta, his symptoms of ADHD have improved dramatically and no further use of methylphenidate has been recorded during the 24 months preceding this report.
CONCLUSION: Symptoms of ADHD in this adult patient, who also manifested a co-occurring obsessive compulsive disorder, dramatically improved only after application of a higher-than-normal dose of methylphenidate. We therefore suggest that clinicians consider these findings in relation to their adherence to current therapeutic guidelines.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Affective Disorders and General Psychiatry Zurich East|
04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical and Social Psychiatry Zurich West
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Date:||22 September 2012|
|Deposited On:||19 Jul 2012 17:10|
|Last Modified:||27 Jan 2013 01:56|
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