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Combination of verteporfin photodynamic therapy and ranibizumab: effects on retinal anatomy, choroidal perfusion and visual function in the protect study


Kiss, C G; Simader, C; Michels, S; Schmidt-Erfurth, U (2008). Combination of verteporfin photodynamic therapy and ranibizumab: effects on retinal anatomy, choroidal perfusion and visual function in the protect study. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 92(12):1620-1627.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate verteporfin and same-day ranibizumab on retina, choroid, vasculature, choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) and visual function. METHODS: Eleven patients with occult or predominantly classic subfoveal CNV secondary to age-related macular degeneration received verteporfin and four monthly intravitreal ranibizumab injections. Eyes were examined using fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), optical coherence tomography (OCT), visual acuity (VA) and microperimetry. RESULTS: Over 9 months, seven patients gained three to 24 letters and one had unchanged VA. Three patients lost eight to 24 letters due to recurrence and received another verteporfin treatment at month 6. Median retinal sensitivity of the central 4 degrees of the macula increased from 0.9 (SD 2.3) dB (baseline) to 5.2 (1.8) dB (only baseline verteporfin) and 4.1 (4.5) dB (second verteporfin treatment) at study end. OCT showed sub- and intraretinal leakage increased with verteporfin, but resolved after 2 weeks. After combination treatment, CNV was completely occluded on FA within 1 week. ICGA showed non-perfusion of small/medium choroidal vessels. Recovery of choroidal perfusion began after 1 month, but remained impaired throughout follow-up. CONCLUSION: Verteporfin/ranibizumab was associated with CNV occlusion, reduced oedema, improved visual function and retinal sensitivity. The clinical significance of these findings requires further investigation.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate verteporfin and same-day ranibizumab on retina, choroid, vasculature, choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) and visual function. METHODS: Eleven patients with occult or predominantly classic subfoveal CNV secondary to age-related macular degeneration received verteporfin and four monthly intravitreal ranibizumab injections. Eyes were examined using fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), optical coherence tomography (OCT), visual acuity (VA) and microperimetry. RESULTS: Over 9 months, seven patients gained three to 24 letters and one had unchanged VA. Three patients lost eight to 24 letters due to recurrence and received another verteporfin treatment at month 6. Median retinal sensitivity of the central 4 degrees of the macula increased from 0.9 (SD 2.3) dB (baseline) to 5.2 (1.8) dB (only baseline verteporfin) and 4.1 (4.5) dB (second verteporfin treatment) at study end. OCT showed sub- and intraretinal leakage increased with verteporfin, but resolved after 2 weeks. After combination treatment, CNV was completely occluded on FA within 1 week. ICGA showed non-perfusion of small/medium choroidal vessels. Recovery of choroidal perfusion began after 1 month, but remained impaired throughout follow-up. CONCLUSION: Verteporfin/ranibizumab was associated with CNV occlusion, reduced oedema, improved visual function and retinal sensitivity. The clinical significance of these findings requires further investigation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:04 Dec 2008 09:51
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:36
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:0007-1161
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1136/bjo.2007.135335
PubMed ID:19029163
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-6303

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