Quick Search:

uzh logo
Browse by:

Zurich Open Repository and Archive

Maintenance: Tuesday, July the 26th 2016, 07:00-10:00

ZORA's new graphical user interface will be relaunched (For further infos watch out slideshow ZORA: Neues Look & Feel). There will be short interrupts on ZORA Service between 07:00am and 10:00 am. Please be patient.

Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-63134

Genders, Tessa S S; Steyerberg, Ewout W; Hunink, M G Myriam; Nieman, Koen; Galema, Tjebbe W; Mollet, Nico R; Feyter, Pim J de; Krestin, Gabriel P; Alkadhi, Hatem; Leschka, Sebastian; Desbiolles, Lotus; Meijs, Matthijs F L; Cramer, Maarten J; Knuuti, Juhani; Kajander, Sami; Bogaert, Jan; Goetschalckx, Kaatje; Cademartiri, Filippo; Maffei, Erica; Martini, Chiara; Seitun, Sara; Aldrovandi, Annachiara; Wildermuth, Simon; Stinn, Björn; Fornaro, Jürgen; Feuchtner, Gudrun; De Zordo, Tobias; Auer, Thomas; Plank, Fabian; Friedrich, Guy; Pugliese, Francesca; Petersen, Steffen E; Davies, L Ceri; Schoepf, U Joseph; Rowe, Garrett W; van Mieghem, Carlos A G; van Driessche, Luc; Sinitsyn, Valentin; Gopalan, Deepa; Nikolaou, Konstantin; Bamberg, Fabian; Cury, Ricardo C; Battle, Juan; Maurovich-Horvat, Pál; Bartykowszki, Andrea; Merkely, Bela; Becker, Dávid; Hadamitzky, Martin; Hausleiter, Jörg; Dewey, Marc; Zimmermann, Elke; Laule, Michael (2012). Prediction model to estimate presence of coronary artery disease: retrospective pooled analysis of existing cohorts. BMJ, 344:e3485.

Published Version
View at publisher


To develop prediction models that better estimate the pretest probability of coronary artery disease in low prevalence populations. DESIGN : Retrospective pooled analysis of individual patient data. SETTING : 18 hospitals in Europe and the United States.
Patients with stable chest pain without evidence for previous coronary artery disease, if they were referred for computed tomography (CT) based coronary angiography or catheter based coronary angiography (indicated as low and high prevalence settings, respectively).
Obstructive coronary artery disease (≥50% diameter stenosis in at least one vessel found on catheter based coronary angiography). Multiple imputation accounted for missing predictors and outcomes, exploiting strong correlation between the two angiography procedures. Predictive models included a basic model (age, sex, symptoms, and setting), clinical model (basic model factors and diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, and smoking), and extended model (clinical model factors and use of the CT based coronary calcium score). We assessed discrimination (c statistic), calibration, and continuous net reclassification improvement by cross validation for the four largest low prevalence datasets separately and the smaller remaining low prevalence datasets combined.
We included 5677 patients (3283 men, 2394 women), of whom 1634 had obstructive coronary artery disease found on catheter based coronary angiography. All potential predictors were significantly associated with the presence of disease in univariable and multivariable analyses. The clinical model improved the prediction, compared with the basic model (cross validated c statistic improvement from 0.77 to 0.79, net reclassification improvement 35%); the coronary calcium score in the extended model was a major predictor (0.79 to 0.88, 102%). Calibration for low prevalence datasets was satisfactory.
Updated prediction models including age, sex, symptoms, and cardiovascular risk factors allow for accurate estimation of the pretest probability of coronary artery disease in low prevalence populations. Addition of coronary calcium scores to the prediction models improves the estimates.


33 citations in Web of Science®
32 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™



371 downloads since deposited on 06 Jul 2012
99 downloads since 12 months

Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:06 Jul 2012 08:43
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:52
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
Publisher DOI:10.1136/bmj.e3485
PubMed ID:22692650

Users (please log in): suggest update or correction for this item

Repository Staff Only: item control page