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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-63191

Mangana, J; Lévesque, M P; Karpova, M B; Dummer, R (2012). Sorafenib in melanoma. Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs, 21(4):557-568.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Sorafenib is an orally available multi-kinase inhibitor that inhibits tumor proliferation by targeting multiple kinases including the vascular endothelial growth factor receptors VEGFR1, VEGFR2, VEGFR3 and the platelet-derived growth factor receptor PDGFR, and it targets tumor progression by inhibiting FLT3, C-Kit and BRAF. Since BRAF mutations are frequent in melanoma, sorafenib was investigated in various Phase I, II and III clinical trials. The drug is well tolerated with mild to moderate adverse effects, which are mostly limited to cutaneous toxicity, diarrhea and fatigue.
AREAS COVERED: Systematic literature review of the randomized trials using PubMed was performed. Original articles were reviewed and citations from those were also considered. Additionally, clinical trial databases were examined to identify and summarize ongoing trials of sorafenib in melanoma patients.
EXPERT OPINION: Sorafenib as a monotherapy or in combination with chemotherapy is of limited use. Combining it with dacarbazine doubled the response rate and the progression-free survival in metastatic melanoma patients. Unfortunately, these results have never been evaluated in large randomized Phase III clinical trials. According to the trials conducted so far a subpopulation of patients experience substantial benefit, therefore it is essential to identify biomarkers to select the subgroups of patients that are more likely to respond to sorafenib. Furthermore, other less frequent subtypes such as mucosal or ocular melanoma still constitute promising targets; academic institutions are currently launching investigator-initiated trials in these indications.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:09 Jul 2012 09:13
Last Modified:04 Jan 2014 02:53
Publisher:Informa Healthcare
ISSN:1354-3784
Publisher DOI:10.1517/13543784.2012.665872
PubMed ID:22394203
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 13
Google Scholar™
Scopus®. Citation Count: 15

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