Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-63252
Grad, I; Hibaoui, Y; Jaconi, M; Chicha, L; Bergström-Tengzelius, R; Sailani, M R; Pelte, M F; Dahoun, S; Mitsiadis, T A; Töhönen, V; Bouillaguet, S; Antonarakis, S E; Kere, J; Zucchelli, M; Hovatta, O; Feki, A (2011). NANOG priming before full reprogramming may generate germ cell tumours. European Cells and Materials, 22:258-274.
Reprogramming somatic cells into a pluripotent state brings patient-tailored, ethical controversy-free cellular therapy closer to reality. However, stem cells and cancer cells share many common characteristics; therefore, it is crucial to be able to discriminate between them. We generated two induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines, with NANOG pre-transduction followed by OCT3/4, SOX2, and LIN28 overexpression. One of the cell lines, CHiPS W, showed normal pluripotent stem cell characteristics, while the other, CHiPS A, though expressing pluripotency markers, failed to differentiate and gave rise to germ cell-like tumours in vivo. Comparative genomic hybridisation analysis of the generated iPS lines revealed that they were genetically more stable than human embryonic stem cell counterparts. This analysis proved to be predictive for the differentiation potential of analysed cells. Moreover, the CHiPS A line expressed a lower ratio of p53/p21 when compared to CHiPS W. NANOG pre-induction followed by OCT3/4, SOX2, MYC, and KLF4 induction resulted in the same tumour-inducing phenotype. These results underline the importance of a re-examination of the role of NANOG during reprogramming. Moreover, this reprogramming method may provide insights into primordial cell tumour formation and cancer stem cell transformation.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Institute of Oral Biology|
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||20 Jul 2012 09:22|
|Last Modified:||01 May 2013 19:20|
|Publisher:||European Cells and Materials|
|Funders:||Swiss National Foundation (grant 310000-119938/1), Roche Research Foundation, Ernst & Lucie Schmidheiny Foundation, Geneva University Hospitals, Genico, Swedish Research Council|
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