Beyer, Christian; Schramm, Amelie; Akhmetshina, Alfiya; Dees, Clara; Kireva, Trayana; Gelse, Kolja; Sonnylal, Sonali; de Crombrugghe, Benoit; Taketo, Makoto Mark; Distler, Oliver; Schett, Georg; Distler, Jörg H W (2012). β-catenin is a central mediator of pro-fibrotic Wnt signaling in systemic sclerosis. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 71(5):761-767.
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OBJECTIVES: Pathologic fibroblast activation drives fibrosis of the skin and internal organs in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). β-catenin is an integral part of adherens junctions and a central component of canonical Wnt signaling. Here, the authors addressed the role of β-catenin in fibroblasts for the development of SSc dermal fibrosis. METHODS: Nuclear accumulation of β-catenin in fibroblasts was assessed by triple staining for β-catenin, prolyl-4-hydroxylase-β and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI). The expression of Wnt proteins in the skin was analysed by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Mice with fibroblast-specific stabilisation or fibroblast-specific depletion were used to evaluate the role of β-catenin in fibrosis. RESULTS: The auhors found significantly increased nuclear levels of β-catenin in fibroblasts in SSc skin compared to fibroblasts in the skin of healthy individuals. The accumulation of β-catenin resulted from increased expression of Wnt-1 and Wnt-10b in SSc. The authors further showed that the nuclear accumulation of β-catenin has direct implications for the development of fibrosis: Mice with fibroblast-specific stabilisation of β-catenin rapidly developed fibrosis within 2 weeks with dermal thickening, accumulation of collagen and differentiation of resting fibroblasts into myofibroblasts. By contrast, fibroblast-specific deletion of β-catenin significantly reduced bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: The present study findings identify β-catenin as a key player of fibroblast activation and tissue fibrosis in SSc. Although further translational studies are necessary to test the efficacy and tolerability of β-catenin/Wnt inhibition in SSc, the present findings may have clinical implications, because selective inhibitors of β-catenin/Wnt signaling have recently entered clinical trials.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine|
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||11 Jul 2012 07:16|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 19:47|
|Publisher:||BMJ Publishing Group|
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