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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-63442

Vermezovic, J; Stergiou, L; Hengartner, M O; d'Adda di Fagagna, F (2012). Differential regulation of DNA damage response activation between somatic and germline cells in Caenorhabditis elegans. Cell Death and Differentiation, 19(11):1847-1855.

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The germline of Caenorhabditis elegans is a well-established model for DNA damage response (DDR) studies. However, the molecular basis of the observed cell death resistance in the soma of these animals remains unknown. We established a set of techniques to study ionizing radiation-induced DNA damage generation and DDR activation in a whole intact worm. Our single-cell analyses reveal that, although germline and somatic cells show similar levels of inflicted DNA damage, somatic cells, differently from germline cells, do not activate the crucial apical DDR kinase ataxia-telengiectasia mutated (ATM). We also show that DDR signaling proteins are undetectable in all somatic cells and this is due to transcriptional repression. However, DNA repair genes are expressed and somatic cells retain the ability to efficiently repair DNA damage. Finally, we demonstrate that germline cells, when induced to transdifferentiate into somatic cells within the gonad, lose the ability to activate ATM. Overall, these observations provide a molecular mechanism for the known, but hitherto unexplained, resistance to DNA damage-induced cell death in C. elegans somatic cells. We propose that the observed lack of signaling and cell death but retention of DNA repair functions in the soma is a Caenorhabditis-specific evolutionary-selected strategy to cope with its lack of adult somatic stem cell pools and regenerative capacity.Cell Death and Differentiation advance online publication, 15 June 2012; doi:10.1038/cdd.2012.69.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:C. elegans; ATM; DNA damage response (DDR) signaling; DNA repair; soma; germline
Date:15 June 2012
Deposited On:06 Jul 2012 13:22
Last Modified:30 Nov 2013 22:01
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Publisher DOI:10.1038/cdd.2012.69
PubMed ID:22705849
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 7
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Scopus®. Citation Count: 7

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