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Histopathological correlates of the napkin-ring sign plaque in coronary CT angiography


Seifarth, Harald; Schlett, Christopher L; Nakano, Masataka; Otsuka, Fumiyuki; Károlyi, Mihály; Liew, Gary; Maurovich-Horvat, Pál; Alkadhi, Hatem; Virmani, Renu; Hoffmann, Udo (2012). Histopathological correlates of the napkin-ring sign plaque in coronary CT angiography. Atherosclerosis, 224(1):90-96.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify histologic characteristics of advanced coronary atherosclerotic plaques that are related with the detection of the napkin-ring sign (NRS) in coronary CT angiography (CCTA). METHODS: CCTA was performed in 7 human donor hearts. Histological slicing and stainings were performed in 1 mm increments of each major coronary artery. Histology was co-registered with the CT-data and classified according to the modified AHA classification. RESULTS: Advanced plaques (types IV-VI) were present in 139 (23%) of 611 cross sections. Of these 33 (24%) demonstrated an NRS in CCTA. NRS plaques were associated with greater non-core plaque area (median 10.2 vs. 6.4 mm(2), p < 0.01) and larger vessel area (median 17.1 vs. 13.0 mm(2), p < 0.01). The area of the necrotic/lipid core was larger in plaques with NRS (median 1.1 vs. 0.5 mm(2), p = 0.05). Angiogenesis tended to be more frequent in plaques with NRS (48% vs. 30%) whereas micro-calcifications tended to be more frequent in plaques without NRS (27% vs. 46%) (p = 0.06 and 0.07 respectively). In a multivariate analysis, necrotic/lipid core area (OR = 1.9), non-core plaque area (OR = 1.6), and total vessel area (OR = 0.9) independently predicted the appearance of the NRS in coronary CT angiography. CONCLUSION: Delineation of NRS in CCTA is independently linked to the size of the necrotic/lipid core, the size of the non-core plaque and to the vessel area as measured in histology of advanced coronary atherosclerotic plaques.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify histologic characteristics of advanced coronary atherosclerotic plaques that are related with the detection of the napkin-ring sign (NRS) in coronary CT angiography (CCTA). METHODS: CCTA was performed in 7 human donor hearts. Histological slicing and stainings were performed in 1 mm increments of each major coronary artery. Histology was co-registered with the CT-data and classified according to the modified AHA classification. RESULTS: Advanced plaques (types IV-VI) were present in 139 (23%) of 611 cross sections. Of these 33 (24%) demonstrated an NRS in CCTA. NRS plaques were associated with greater non-core plaque area (median 10.2 vs. 6.4 mm(2), p < 0.01) and larger vessel area (median 17.1 vs. 13.0 mm(2), p < 0.01). The area of the necrotic/lipid core was larger in plaques with NRS (median 1.1 vs. 0.5 mm(2), p = 0.05). Angiogenesis tended to be more frequent in plaques with NRS (48% vs. 30%) whereas micro-calcifications tended to be more frequent in plaques without NRS (27% vs. 46%) (p = 0.06 and 0.07 respectively). In a multivariate analysis, necrotic/lipid core area (OR = 1.9), non-core plaque area (OR = 1.6), and total vessel area (OR = 0.9) independently predicted the appearance of the NRS in coronary CT angiography. CONCLUSION: Delineation of NRS in CCTA is independently linked to the size of the necrotic/lipid core, the size of the non-core plaque and to the vessel area as measured in histology of advanced coronary atherosclerotic plaques.

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15 citations in Web of Science®
21 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:18 Jul 2012 07:21
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:53
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0021-9150
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2012.06.021
PubMed ID:22771191

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