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Immigration and voting for the far right


Halla, Martin; Wagner, Alexander F; Zweimüller, Josef (2015). Immigration and voting for the far right. Working paper series / Department of Economics 83, University of Zurich.

Abstract

Does the presence of immigrants in one's neighbourhood affect voting for far right-wing parties? We study the case of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) which, under the leadership of Jörg Haider, increased its vote share from less than 5 percent in the early 1980s to 27 percent by the end of the 1990s and continued to attract more than 20 percent of voters in the 2013 national election. We find that the inflow of immigrants into a community has a significant impact on the increase in the community's voting share for the FPÖ, explaining roughly a tenth of the regional variation in vote changes. Our results suggest that voters worry about adverse labor market effects of immigration, as well as about the quality of their neighbourhood. In fact, we find evidence of a negative impact of immigration on "compositional amenities." In communities with larger immigration influx, Austrian children commute longer distances to school, and fewer daycare resources are provided. We do not find evidence that Austrians move out of communities with increasing immigrant presence.

Does the presence of immigrants in one's neighbourhood affect voting for far right-wing parties? We study the case of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) which, under the leadership of Jörg Haider, increased its vote share from less than 5 percent in the early 1980s to 27 percent by the end of the 1990s and continued to attract more than 20 percent of voters in the 2013 national election. We find that the inflow of immigrants into a community has a significant impact on the increase in the community's voting share for the FPÖ, explaining roughly a tenth of the regional variation in vote changes. Our results suggest that voters worry about adverse labor market effects of immigration, as well as about the quality of their neighbourhood. In fact, we find evidence of a negative impact of immigration on "compositional amenities." In communities with larger immigration influx, Austrian children commute longer distances to school, and fewer daycare resources are provided. We do not find evidence that Austrians move out of communities with increasing immigrant presence.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Working Paper Series > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:P16, J61
Uncontrolled Keywords:Immigration, political economy, voting
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:11 Jul 2012 13:00
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:53
Series Name:Working paper series / Department of Economics
Number of Pages:46
ISSN:1664-7041
Additional Information:Revised version ; former title: "Does immigration into their neighborhoods incline voters toward the extreme right? The case of the Freedom Party of Austria" / "Immigration and voting for the extreme right"
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://www.mediafire.com/view/ao3rz5t827aox55/HallaWagnerZweimueller_Nov32015.pdf
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-63504

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