Quick Search:

uzh logo
Browse by:
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet

Zurich Open Repository and Archive 

Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-63504

Halla, Martin; Wagner, Alexander F; Zweimüller, Josef (2013). Immigration and voting for the extreme right. Working paper series / Department of Economics 83, University of Zurich.

[img]PDF (Version July 2012) - Registered users only
3284Kb
[img]
Preview
PDF (Revised version October 2013)
7Mb

Abstract

Extreme-right-wing (ERW) parties are on the rise in many countries. Moreover, there is an alarmingly high cross-country correlation between the election success of ERW parties and immigration. Motivated by this evidence, we explore one potentially important channel through which immigration may drive support for ERW parties: the presence of immigrants in the voters' neighborhoods. We study the case of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ). Under the leadership of Jörg Haider, this party increased its share of votes from less than 5 percent in the early 1980s to 27 percent by the year 1999. We exploit specific features of the history of immigration into Austria to identify a causal effect of immigration on ERW voting results. We argue that the sudden, large inflow of immigrant workers in the 1960s generated immigrant settlement patterns that provide a plausible source of exogenous variation in the more recent spatial distribution of immigrants. We find that the percentage immigrants in a community is an important causal factor behind support for the extreme right, explaining roughly a quarter of the cross-community variance in votes for the FPÖ. The effect varies across immigrants (e.g., based on their skill levels) as well as across communities (e.g., based on the degree of skill overlap between immigrants and natives), supporting the idea that voters worry about labor market competition. We find more limited indications that compositional amenities play a role for ERW votes.

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Working Paper Series > Department of Economics
DDC:330 Economics
JEL Classification:P16, J61
Uncontrolled Keywords:Immigration, political economy, voting
Language:English
Date:25 October 2013
Deposited On:11 Jul 2012 15:00
Last Modified:30 Oct 2013 12:27
Series Name:Working paper series / Department of Economics
Number of Pages:46
ISSN:1664-7041
Additional Information:Revised version ; former title: "Does immigration into their neighborhoods incline voters toward the extreme right? The case of the Freedom Party of Austria"
Official URL:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp/econwp083.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/workingpapers.php

Users (please log in): suggest update or correction for this item

Repository Staff Only: item control page