Harzer, Claudia; Ruch, Willibald (2012). When the job is a calling: the role of applying one's signature strengths at work. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(5):362-371.
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Familial aggregation and the effect of parenting styles on three dispositions toward ridicule and being laughed at were tested. Nearly 100 families (parents, their adult children, and their siblings) completed subjective questionnaires to assess the presence of gelotophobia (the fear of being laughed at), gelotophilia (the joy of being laughed at), and katagelasticism (the joy of laughing at others). A positive relationship between fear of being laughed at in children and their parents was found. Results for gelotophilia were similar but numerically lower; if split by gender of the adult child, correlations to the mother’s gelotophilia exceeded those of the father. Katagelasticism arose independently from the scores in the parents but was robustly related to greater katagelasticism in the children’s siblings. Gelotophobes remembered punishment (espe- cially from the mother), lower warmth and higher control from their parents (this was also found in the parents’ recollections of their parenting style). The incidence of gelotophilia was unrelated to specific parenting styles, and katagelasticism exhibited only weak relations with pun- ishment. The study suggests a specific pattern in the rela- tion of the three dispositions within families and argues for a strong impact of parenting styles on gelotophobia but less so for gelotophilia and katagelasticism.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||character strengths; signature strengths; job satisfaction; calling; pleasure; engagement; meaning; VIA-IS; positive psychology|
|Deposited On:||13 Jul 2012 13:29|
|Last Modified:||28 Nov 2013 01:39|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
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