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Compositional changes of a brushite hydraulic cement after implantation in sheep


Bohner, M; Theiss, Felix; Apelt, D; Hirsiger, W; Houriet, R; Rizzoli, G; Gnos, E; Frei, C; Auer, Jörg A; von Rechenberg, Brigitte (2003). Compositional changes of a brushite hydraulic cement after implantation in sheep. Biomaterials, 24(20):3463-3474.

Abstract

A hydraulic calcium phosphate cement having dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) as end-product of the setting reaction was implanted in a cylindrical defect in the diaphysis of sheep for up to 6 months. The composition of the cement was investigated as a function of time. After setting, the cement composition consisted essentially of a mixture of DCPD and beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP). In the first few weeks of implantation, the edges of the cement samples became depleted in DCPD, suggesting a selective dissolution of DCPD, possibly due to low pH conditions. The cement resorption at this stage was high. After 8 weeks, the resorption rate slowed down. Simultaneously, a change of the color and density of the cement center was observed. These changes were due to the conversion of DCPD into a poorly crystalline apatite. Precipitation started after 6-8 weeks and progressed rapidly. At 9 weeks, the colored central zone reached its maximal size. The fraction of beta-TCP in the cement was constant at all time. Therefore, this study demonstrates that the resorption rate of DCPD cement is more pronounced as long as DCPD is not transformed in vivo.

A hydraulic calcium phosphate cement having dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) as end-product of the setting reaction was implanted in a cylindrical defect in the diaphysis of sheep for up to 6 months. The composition of the cement was investigated as a function of time. After setting, the cement composition consisted essentially of a mixture of DCPD and beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP). In the first few weeks of implantation, the edges of the cement samples became depleted in DCPD, suggesting a selective dissolution of DCPD, possibly due to low pH conditions. The cement resorption at this stage was high. After 8 weeks, the resorption rate slowed down. Simultaneously, a change of the color and density of the cement center was observed. These changes were due to the conversion of DCPD into a poorly crystalline apatite. Precipitation started after 6-8 weeks and progressed rapidly. At 9 weeks, the colored central zone reached its maximal size. The fraction of beta-TCP in the cement was constant at all time. Therefore, this study demonstrates that the resorption rate of DCPD cement is more pronounced as long as DCPD is not transformed in vivo.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:15 Aug 2012 14:33
Last Modified:02 May 2016 16:21
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0142-9612
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0142-9612(03)00234-5
PubMed ID:12809775
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-64016

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