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Varieties of English: Australian/ New Zealand English


Hundt, Marianne (2012). Varieties of English: Australian/ New Zealand English. In: Bergs, Alex; Brinton, Laurel. Historical Linguistics of English: An International Handbook. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1995-2012.

Abstract

The chapter provides a comparative overview of the external histories, the development of the regional accents, vocabulary, and grammar in Australia and New Zealand. Both language contact with the indigenous languages as well as dialect contact amongst the original input varieties play a role in the evolution of the two Englishes. Social, ethnic, and regional varieties of the two southern-hemisphere Englishes are also of relevance to the history of New Englishes as their development represents an important step in the evolutionary process (Schneider 2007). The settlement period is treated, but more recent developments (i.e. the question of ongoing Americanization) are also discussed. Evidence on the evolution of Australian and New Zealand English comes from demographic data, meta-linguistic comments, historical dictionaries, corpora and - for New Zealand English - even some recordings of the first New Zealand-born speakers of the variety. The comparative approach to the history of the two southern-hemisphere Englishes confirms that the two varieties are closely connected. Not surprisingly, there are also some local developments, mostly in their vocabulary and accent. The chapter further shows that the development of the local lexicon and accent has received much broader treatment whereas differential grammatical change in the two varieties is still largely uncharted territory.

The chapter provides a comparative overview of the external histories, the development of the regional accents, vocabulary, and grammar in Australia and New Zealand. Both language contact with the indigenous languages as well as dialect contact amongst the original input varieties play a role in the evolution of the two Englishes. Social, ethnic, and regional varieties of the two southern-hemisphere Englishes are also of relevance to the history of New Englishes as their development represents an important step in the evolutionary process (Schneider 2007). The settlement period is treated, but more recent developments (i.e. the question of ongoing Americanization) are also discussed. Evidence on the evolution of Australian and New Zealand English comes from demographic data, meta-linguistic comments, historical dictionaries, corpora and - for New Zealand English - even some recordings of the first New Zealand-born speakers of the variety. The comparative approach to the history of the two southern-hemisphere Englishes confirms that the two varieties are closely connected. Not surprisingly, there are also some local developments, mostly in their vocabulary and accent. The chapter further shows that the development of the local lexicon and accent has received much broader treatment whereas differential grammatical change in the two varieties is still largely uncharted territory.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > English Department
Dewey Decimal Classification:820 English & Old English literatures
Language:English
Date:September 2012
Deposited On:14 Aug 2012 12:11
Last Modified:08 May 2016 12:25
Publisher:Walter de Gruyter
Series Name:Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft / Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science [HSK]
Number:34.2
ISBN:978-3-11-025160-9

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