UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Best performances by men and women open-water swimmers during the 'English Channel Swim' from 1900 to 2010


Eichenberger, Evelyn; Knechtle, Beat; Knechtle, Patrizia; Rüst, Christoph Alexander; Rosemann, Thomas; Lepers, Romuald (2012). Best performances by men and women open-water swimmers during the 'English Channel Swim' from 1900 to 2010. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(12):1295-1301.

Abstract

Abstract Little research has examined ultra-endurance swimming performances. The 'English Channel Swim', where swimmers have to cover a distance of 32 km between England and France represents a unique long-distance, open-water, sea-swimming challenge, and each year swimmers from all over the world try to succeed in this challenge. The best times in minutes and the nationality of successful men and women swimmers were analysed from 1900 to 2010. A total of 1,533 swimmers (455 women and 1,078 men) from more than 40 countries have successfully completed the 'English Channel Swim'. Great Britain was the country most represented, with 38% of the total, followed by the United States with 20%. Swim speed has increased progressively for both sexes (P < 0.001) but was lower for women than for men (0.68 ± 0.15 m · s(-1) vs 0.71 ± 0.16 m · s(-1) respectively, P < 0.01). However, the best annual performances did not differ between the sexes (men: 0.89 ± 0.20 m · s(-1); women: 0.84 ± 0.18 m · s(-1), P > 0.05). The results suggest that the performance of women open-water ultra-distance swimmers may be similar to that of men. Further studies investigating anthropometrical and physiological characteristics of open-water ultra-swimmers are needed to compare men's and women's open-water ultra-swim performances.

Abstract Little research has examined ultra-endurance swimming performances. The 'English Channel Swim', where swimmers have to cover a distance of 32 km between England and France represents a unique long-distance, open-water, sea-swimming challenge, and each year swimmers from all over the world try to succeed in this challenge. The best times in minutes and the nationality of successful men and women swimmers were analysed from 1900 to 2010. A total of 1,533 swimmers (455 women and 1,078 men) from more than 40 countries have successfully completed the 'English Channel Swim'. Great Britain was the country most represented, with 38% of the total, followed by the United States with 20%. Swim speed has increased progressively for both sexes (P < 0.001) but was lower for women than for men (0.68 ± 0.15 m · s(-1) vs 0.71 ± 0.16 m · s(-1) respectively, P < 0.01). However, the best annual performances did not differ between the sexes (men: 0.89 ± 0.20 m · s(-1); women: 0.84 ± 0.18 m · s(-1), P > 0.05). The results suggest that the performance of women open-water ultra-distance swimmers may be similar to that of men. Further studies investigating anthropometrical and physiological characteristics of open-water ultra-swimmers are needed to compare men's and women's open-water ultra-swim performances.

Citations

17 citations in Web of Science®
31 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

60 downloads since deposited on 16 Aug 2012
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:16 Aug 2012 09:02
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:55
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0264-0414
Additional Information:This is an electronic version of an article published in Eichenberger, Evelyn; Knechtle, Beat; Knechtle, Patrizia; Rüst, Christoph Alexander; Rosemann, Thomas; Lepers, Romuald (2012). Best performances by men and women open-water swimmers during the 'English Channel Swim' from 1900 to 2010. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(12):1295-1301. Journal of Sports Sciences is available online at: www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2012.709264.
Publisher DOI:10.1080/02640414.2012.709264
PubMed ID:22830602
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-64218

Download

[img]
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 337kB
View at publisher
[img]
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 103kB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations