UZH-Logo

Gender difference and age-related changes in performance at the long distance duathlon world championship


Rüst, Christoph Alexander; Knechtle, Beat; Knechtle, Patrizia; Pfeifer, Susanne; Rosemann, Thomas; Lepers, Romuald; Senn, Oliver (2013). Gender difference and age-related changes in performance at the long distance duathlon world championship. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(2):293-301.

Abstract

The differences in gender and the age-related changes in triathlon (i.e. swimming, cycling, and running) performances have been previously investigated, but data are missing for duathlon (i.e. running, cycling, and running). We investigated the participation and performance trends, as well as the gender difference and the age-related decline in performance, at the 'Powerman Zofingen' long-distance duathlon (10km run, 150km cycle, and 30km run) from 2002 to 2011. During this period, there were 2,236 finishers (272 females and 1,964 males, respectively). Linear regression analyses for the three split times, and the total event time, demonstrated that running and cycling times were fairly stable during the last decade for both male and female elite duathletes. The top ten overall gender differences in times were 16±2 %, 17±3 %, 15±3 % and 16±5 %, for the 10km run, 150km cycle, 30km run and the overall race time, respectively. There was a significant (p < 0.001) age effect for each discipline, and for the total race time. The fastest overall race times were achieved between 25 and 39 years old. Female gender and increasing age were associated with increased performance times when additionally controlled for environmental temperatures and race year. There was only a marginal time period effect ranging between 1.3% (first run) and 9.8% (bike split) with 3.3% for overall race time. In accordance with previous observations in triathlons, the age-related decline in the duathlon performance was more pronounced in running than in cycling. Athletes and coaches can use these findings to plan the career in long-distance duathletes with the age of peak performance between 25 and 39 years for both females and males.

The differences in gender and the age-related changes in triathlon (i.e. swimming, cycling, and running) performances have been previously investigated, but data are missing for duathlon (i.e. running, cycling, and running). We investigated the participation and performance trends, as well as the gender difference and the age-related decline in performance, at the 'Powerman Zofingen' long-distance duathlon (10km run, 150km cycle, and 30km run) from 2002 to 2011. During this period, there were 2,236 finishers (272 females and 1,964 males, respectively). Linear regression analyses for the three split times, and the total event time, demonstrated that running and cycling times were fairly stable during the last decade for both male and female elite duathletes. The top ten overall gender differences in times were 16±2 %, 17±3 %, 15±3 % and 16±5 %, for the 10km run, 150km cycle, 30km run and the overall race time, respectively. There was a significant (p < 0.001) age effect for each discipline, and for the total race time. The fastest overall race times were achieved between 25 and 39 years old. Female gender and increasing age were associated with increased performance times when additionally controlled for environmental temperatures and race year. There was only a marginal time period effect ranging between 1.3% (first run) and 9.8% (bike split) with 3.3% for overall race time. In accordance with previous observations in triathlons, the age-related decline in the duathlon performance was more pronounced in running than in cycling. Athletes and coaches can use these findings to plan the career in long-distance duathletes with the age of peak performance between 25 and 39 years for both females and males.

Citations

9 citations in Web of Science®
15 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

40 downloads since deposited on 17 Aug 2012
9 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:17 Aug 2012 08:16
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:56
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:1064-8011
Additional Information:This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Epub ahead of print.
Publisher DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31825420d0
PubMed ID:22450258
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-64262

Download

[img]
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 123kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations