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The role of Helicobacter pylori infection in the development of allergic asthma


Taube, Christian; Müller, Anne (2012). The role of Helicobacter pylori infection in the development of allergic asthma. Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, 6(4):441-449.

Abstract

Asthma is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in developed countries, with steady increases in asthma prevalence evident, particularly in the last few decades. As genetic factors are unlikely to contribute to the rise in asthma prevalence, changes in lifestyle and exposure to environmental stimuli have been proposed to account for this trend. The 'disappearing microbiota' hypothesis postulates that major shifts in the human microbiome, resulting from dramatic lifestyle changes, account for the increase in asthma prevalence. In this context, persistent gastric colonization with the human-specific pathogen Helicobacter pylori has been negatively associated with the occurrence of asthma in epidemiological studies. In addition, experimental models of allergic airway disease revealed a direct link between infection with H. pylori and suppression of allergic airway disease through the induction of regulatory T cells. These and other new insights hold the promise of opening up new avenues toward the development of innovative, new strategies directed at asthma treatment and prevention.

Asthma is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in developed countries, with steady increases in asthma prevalence evident, particularly in the last few decades. As genetic factors are unlikely to contribute to the rise in asthma prevalence, changes in lifestyle and exposure to environmental stimuli have been proposed to account for this trend. The 'disappearing microbiota' hypothesis postulates that major shifts in the human microbiome, resulting from dramatic lifestyle changes, account for the increase in asthma prevalence. In this context, persistent gastric colonization with the human-specific pathogen Helicobacter pylori has been negatively associated with the occurrence of asthma in epidemiological studies. In addition, experimental models of allergic airway disease revealed a direct link between infection with H. pylori and suppression of allergic airway disease through the induction of regulatory T cells. These and other new insights hold the promise of opening up new avenues toward the development of innovative, new strategies directed at asthma treatment and prevention.

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12 citations in Web of Science®
12 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:24 Sep 2012 13:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:58
Publisher:Expert Reviews Ltd.
ISSN:1747-6356
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1586/ers.12.40
PubMed ID:22971068
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-64804

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