Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-64806
Becker, Norbert; Pluskota , Björn; Kaiser, Achim; Schaffner, Francis (2012). Exotic mosquitoes conquer the world. In: Mehlhorn, Heinz. Arthropods as Vectors of Emerging Diseases. Berlin / Heidelberg, 31-60. ISBN 978-3-642-28842-5.
PDF - Registered users only
Mosquitoes have inhabited the globe for more than 100 million years, long before Homo sapiens occurred on Earth. In the course of evolution, they were able to adjust their biology to a great variety of ecological conditions and reproduce in almost all aquatic habitats. Without the support of Homo sapiens, mosquitoes disperse passively by wind drift (up to ∼25 km) or by active flight usually limited to <50 km per migration process. However, present-day human activities enable mosquitoes to be transported from one continent to another within a matter of hours to a few days. Increased transcontinental mobility of humans as well as the international trade, facilitate the dispersal and in some cases, the establishment of exotic mosquito species in other countries with favorable climatic conditions. The most remarkable ability of these species is that the eggs can survive desiccation and dryness for months or sometimes even years and can thus survive long periods with unfavorable living conditions. This ensures that e.g. eggs can survive in used tires or other small containers when these are shipped and consequently increase the probability of successful transport. In general, these species possess a high ecological potency and can rapidly adapt to new habitats due to their genetic plasticity. Within the about 30 species known to have established in new areas throughout the world, 3 species merit special recognition for their dispersal potential and also for their significance as vectors of human diseases: Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus 1762), Ae. (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse 1895) and Ochlerotatus (Finlaya) japonicus (Theobald 1901). In this chapter the taxonomy, biology, distribution and medical importance of the most successful invasive species are discussed, namely Aedes aegypti, Aedes. albopictus, Ochlerotatus japonicus, Ochlerotatus koreicus, Ochlerotatus atropalpus and Ochlerotatus triseriatus.
|Item Type:||Book Section, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Parasitology|
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Parasitology
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
610 Medicine & health
|Date:||6 July 2012|
|Deposited On:||01 Oct 2012 11:51|
|Last Modified:||19 Oct 2012 02:30|
|Series Name:||Parasitology Research Monographs|
Users (please log in): suggest update or correction for this item
Repository Staff Only: item control page