UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Functional characterization of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis zinc metallopeptidase Zmp1 and identification of potential substrates


Petrera, Agnese; Amstutz, Beat; Gioia, Magda; Hähnlein, Janine; Baici, Antonio; Selchow, Petra; Ferraris, Davide M; Rizzi, Menico; Sbardella, Diego; Marini, Stefano; Coletta, Massimo; Sander, Peter (2012). Functional characterization of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis zinc metallopeptidase Zmp1 and identification of potential substrates. Biological Chemistry, 393(7):631-640.

Abstract

Zinc metallopeptidases of bacterial pathogens are widely distributed virulence factors and represent promising pharmacological targets. In this work, we have characterized Zmp1, a zinc metallopeptidase identified as a virulence factor of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and belonging to the neprilysin (NEP; M13) family, whose X-ray structure has been recently solved. Interestingly, this enzyme shows an optimum activity toward a fluorogenic substrate at moderately acidic pH values (i.e., 6.3), which corresponds to those reported for the Mtb phagosome where this enzyme should exert its pathological activity. Substrate specificity of Zmp1 was investigated by screening a peptide library. Several sequences derived from biologically relevant proteins were identified as possible substrates, including the neuropeptides bradykinin, neurotensin, and neuropeptide FF. Further, subsequences of other small bioactive peptides were found among most frequently cleaved sites, e.g., apelin-13 and substance P. We determined the specific cleavage site within neuropeptides by mass spectrometry, observing that hydrophobic amino acids, mainly phenylalanine and isoleucine, are overrepresented at position P1'. In addition, the enzymatic mechanism of Zmp1 toward these neuropeptides has been characterized, displaying some differences with respect to the synthetic fluorogenic substrate and indicating that the enzyme adapts its enzymatic action to different substrates.

Zinc metallopeptidases of bacterial pathogens are widely distributed virulence factors and represent promising pharmacological targets. In this work, we have characterized Zmp1, a zinc metallopeptidase identified as a virulence factor of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and belonging to the neprilysin (NEP; M13) family, whose X-ray structure has been recently solved. Interestingly, this enzyme shows an optimum activity toward a fluorogenic substrate at moderately acidic pH values (i.e., 6.3), which corresponds to those reported for the Mtb phagosome where this enzyme should exert its pathological activity. Substrate specificity of Zmp1 was investigated by screening a peptide library. Several sequences derived from biologically relevant proteins were identified as possible substrates, including the neuropeptides bradykinin, neurotensin, and neuropeptide FF. Further, subsequences of other small bioactive peptides were found among most frequently cleaved sites, e.g., apelin-13 and substance P. We determined the specific cleavage site within neuropeptides by mass spectrometry, observing that hydrophobic amino acids, mainly phenylalanine and isoleucine, are overrepresented at position P1'. In addition, the enzymatic mechanism of Zmp1 toward these neuropeptides has been characterized, displaying some differences with respect to the synthetic fluorogenic substrate and indicating that the enzyme adapts its enzymatic action to different substrates.

Citations

12 citations in Web of Science®
14 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

97 downloads since deposited on 09 Oct 2012
41 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry

04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Microbiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:09 Oct 2012 15:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:59
Publisher:De Gruyter
ISSN:1431-6730
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515/hsz-2012-0106
PubMed ID:22944667
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-65045

Download

[img]
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 775kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations