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Decatenation of DNA by the S. cerevisiae Sgs1-Top3-Rmi1 and RPA Complex: A Mechanism for Disentangling Chromosomes


Cejka, Petr; Plank, Jody L; Dombrowski, Christopher C; Kowalczykowski, Stephen C (2012). Decatenation of DNA by the S. cerevisiae Sgs1-Top3-Rmi1 and RPA Complex: A Mechanism for Disentangling Chromosomes. Molecular Cell, 47(6):886-896.

Abstract

Genetic evidence indicates that Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sgs1, Top3, and Rmi1 resolve topologically linked intermediates arising from DNA replication and recombination. Using purified proteins, we show that Sgs1, Top3, Rmi1, and replication protein A (RPA) coordinate catenation and decatenation of dsDNA through sequential passage of single strands of DNA, establishing a unique pathway for dsDNA decatenation in eukaryotic cells. Sgs1 is required for dsDNA unwinding and, unexpectedly, also has a structural role in DNA strand passage. RPA promotes DNA unwinding by Sgs1 by trapping ssDNA, and it stimulates DNA strand passage by Top3. Paradoxically, Rmi1 has a unique regulatory capacity that slows DNA relaxation by Top3 but stimulates DNA decatenation. We establish that Rmi1 stabilizes the "open" Top3-DNA covalent complex formed as a transient intermediate of strand passage. This concerted activity of the Sgs1-Top3-Rmi1-RPA represents an important mechanism for disentangling structures resulting from the topological features of duplex DNA.

Abstract

Genetic evidence indicates that Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sgs1, Top3, and Rmi1 resolve topologically linked intermediates arising from DNA replication and recombination. Using purified proteins, we show that Sgs1, Top3, Rmi1, and replication protein A (RPA) coordinate catenation and decatenation of dsDNA through sequential passage of single strands of DNA, establishing a unique pathway for dsDNA decatenation in eukaryotic cells. Sgs1 is required for dsDNA unwinding and, unexpectedly, also has a structural role in DNA strand passage. RPA promotes DNA unwinding by Sgs1 by trapping ssDNA, and it stimulates DNA strand passage by Top3. Paradoxically, Rmi1 has a unique regulatory capacity that slows DNA relaxation by Top3 but stimulates DNA decatenation. We establish that Rmi1 stabilizes the "open" Top3-DNA covalent complex formed as a transient intermediate of strand passage. This concerted activity of the Sgs1-Top3-Rmi1-RPA represents an important mechanism for disentangling structures resulting from the topological features of duplex DNA.

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30 citations in Web of Science®
30 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:18 Oct 2012 09:17
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:59
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1097-2765
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2012.06.032
PubMed ID:22885009

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