Geiger, Roger; Luisoni, Stefania; Johnsson, Kai; Greber, Urs F; Helenius, Ari (2013). Investigating endocytic pathways to the endoplasmic reticulum and to the cytosol using SNAP-trap. Traffic, 14(1):36-46.
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Cholera toxin enters cells via an unusual pathway that involves trafficking through endosomes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Whether the toxin induces its own pathway or travels along a physiological retrograde route is not known. To study its trafficking, we labeled cholera toxin B (CTB) or endogenous plasma membrane proteins with a small chemical compound, benzylguanine, which covalently reacts with the protein SNAP-tag. Using ER-targeted SNAP-tag as reporter, we found that transport of CTB to the ER depends on dynamin-2 and syntaxin 5. Plasma membrane proteins and a fluid phase marker added to the medium were also transported to the ER. This flux was not affected by exposing cells to CTB but was inhibited by depleting syntaxin 5 and increased by depleting dynamin-2. As a control for confined intracellular localization of ER-targeted SNAP-tag we used adenovirus-5, which traffics to endosomes and then escapes into the cytosol. The virus did not react with ER-targeted SNAP but with cytosolic SNAP. Together, our results establish a new method (SNAP-trap) to study trafficking of different cargo to the ER and the cytosol and provide evidence for the existence of a constitutive pathway from the cell surface to the ER.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences|
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Deposited On:||25 Oct 2012 10:24|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 19:36|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 2|
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