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Geiger, Roger; Luisoni, Stefania; Johnsson, Kai; Greber, Urs F; Helenius, Ari (2013). Investigating endocytic pathways to the endoplasmic reticulum and to the cytosol using SNAP-trap. Traffic, 14(1):36-46.

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Cholera toxin enters cells via an unusual pathway that involves trafficking through endosomes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Whether the toxin induces its own pathway or travels along a physiological retrograde route is not known. To study its trafficking, we labeled cholera toxin B (CTB) or endogenous plasma membrane proteins with a small chemical compound, benzylguanine, which covalently reacts with the protein SNAP-tag. Using ER-targeted SNAP-tag as reporter, we found that transport of CTB to the ER depends on dynamin-2 and syntaxin 5. Plasma membrane proteins and a fluid phase marker added to the medium were also transported to the ER. This flux was not affected by exposing cells to CTB but was inhibited by depleting syntaxin 5 and increased by depleting dynamin-2. As a control for confined intracellular localization of ER-targeted SNAP-tag we used adenovirus-5, which traffics to endosomes and then escapes into the cytosol. The virus did not react with ER-targeted SNAP but with cytosolic SNAP. Together, our results establish a new method (SNAP-trap) to study trafficking of different cargo to the ER and the cytosol and provide evidence for the existence of a constitutive pathway from the cell surface to the ER.


3 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Deposited On:25 Oct 2012 08:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:01
Publisher DOI:10.1111/tra.12018
PubMed ID:23046100

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