Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-66521
Sturm, V; Menke, M N; Töteberg, M; Jaggi, G P; Schoeffler, C (2012). Early onset of acquired comitant non-accommodative esotropia in childhood. Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, 229(4):357-361.
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Background: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and surgical outcome of acquired comitant non-accommodative esotropia without obvious cause in children with an early onset ≤ three years of age.
Patients and Methods: 24 consecutive patients (13 females) with acquired comitant non-accommodative esotropia underwent strabismus surgery. Outcome measures included amount of deviation and level of binocularity at last follow-up.
Results: An acute onset of strabismus was observed in 83 % of patients. Accompanying features such as diplopia, covering one eye or stumbling were observed in 40 % of the children. Cycloplegic retinoscopy revealed a mild to moderate hypermetropia in all children (mean hypermetropia + 2.2 diopters). 90.5 % of children were aligned within 8 PD of orthotropia. 81 % regained normal stereovision (Lang I/II).
Conclusions: All children exhibited the typical features of acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) type II (Burian-Franceschetti). Collective characteristics of this form of strabismus are a comitant and relatively large deviation, mild hypermetropia, a potential of normal binocular cooperation and absence of an accommodative component and neurological pathology. Time and suddenness of strabismus onset may be less helpful in defining this entity.
|Other titles:||In früher Kindheit erworbene konkomitante nicht akkommodative Esotropie|
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||14 Nov 2012 10:52|
|Last Modified:||04 Dec 2013 15:34|
|Citations:||Web of Science®|
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