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Determinants of plasma copeptin: A systematic investigation in a pediatric mechanical ventilation model


L'Abate, Pietro; Wiegert, Susanne; Struck, Joachim; Wellmann, Sven; Cannizzaro, Vincenzo (2013). Determinants of plasma copeptin: A systematic investigation in a pediatric mechanical ventilation model. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 185(2):222-227.

Abstract

Copeptin, the C-terminal part of the arginine vasopressin precursor peptide, holds promise as a diagnostic and prognostic plasma biomarker in various acute clinical conditions. Factors influencing copeptin response in the critical care setting are only partially established and have not been investigated systematically. Using an in vivo infant ventilation model (Wistar rats, 14 days old), we studied the influence of commonly occurring stressors in critically ill children. In unstressed ventilated rats basal median copeptin concentration was 22pmol/L. In response to respiratory alkalosis copeptin increased 5-fold, while exposure to hypoxemia, high PEEP, hemorrhage, and psycho-emotional stress produced a more than 10-fold increase. Additionally, we did not find a direct association between copeptin and acidosis, hypercapnia, and hyperthermia. Clinicians working in the acute critical care setting should be aware of factors influencing copeptin plasma concentrations. Moreover, our results do have implications for animal studies in the field of stress research.

Abstract

Copeptin, the C-terminal part of the arginine vasopressin precursor peptide, holds promise as a diagnostic and prognostic plasma biomarker in various acute clinical conditions. Factors influencing copeptin response in the critical care setting are only partially established and have not been investigated systematically. Using an in vivo infant ventilation model (Wistar rats, 14 days old), we studied the influence of commonly occurring stressors in critically ill children. In unstressed ventilated rats basal median copeptin concentration was 22pmol/L. In response to respiratory alkalosis copeptin increased 5-fold, while exposure to hypoxemia, high PEEP, hemorrhage, and psycho-emotional stress produced a more than 10-fold increase. Additionally, we did not find a direct association between copeptin and acidosis, hypercapnia, and hyperthermia. Clinicians working in the acute critical care setting should be aware of factors influencing copeptin plasma concentrations. Moreover, our results do have implications for animal studies in the field of stress research.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:13 Dec 2012 12:59
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:09
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1569-9048
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2012.10.011
PubMed ID:23123968

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