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The Drosophila mitochondrial ribosomal protein mRpL12 is required for Cyclin D/Cdk4-driven growth.


Frei, Christian; Galloni, M; Hafen, E; Edgar, B A (2005). The Drosophila mitochondrial ribosomal protein mRpL12 is required for Cyclin D/Cdk4-driven growth. The EMBO Journal, 24(3):623-634.

Abstract

The Drosophila melanogaster cyclin-dependent protein kinase complex CycD/Cdk4 stimulates both cell cycle progression and cell growth (accumulation of mass). CycD/Cdk4 promotes cell cycle progression via the well-characterized RBF/E2F pathway, but our understanding of how growth is stimulated is still limited. To identify growth regulatory targets of CycD/Cdk4, we performed a loss-of-function screen for modifiers of CycD/Cdk4-induced overgrowth of the Drosophila eye. One mutation that suppressed CycD/Cdk4 was in a gene encoding the mitochondrial ribosomal protein, mRpL12. We show here that mRpL12 is required for CycD/Cdk4-induced cell growth. Cells homozygous mutant for mRpL12 have reduced mitochondrial activity, and exhibit growth defects that are very similar to those of cdk4 null cells. CycD/Cdk4 stimulates mitochondrial activity, and this is mRpL12 dependent. Hif-1 prolyl hydroxylase (Hph), another effector of CycD/Cdk4, regulates growth and is required for inhibition of the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1 (Hif-1). Both functions depend on mRpL12 dosage, suggesting that CycD/Cdk4, mRpL12 and Hph function together in a common pathway that controls cell growth via affecting mitochondrial activity.

The Drosophila melanogaster cyclin-dependent protein kinase complex CycD/Cdk4 stimulates both cell cycle progression and cell growth (accumulation of mass). CycD/Cdk4 promotes cell cycle progression via the well-characterized RBF/E2F pathway, but our understanding of how growth is stimulated is still limited. To identify growth regulatory targets of CycD/Cdk4, we performed a loss-of-function screen for modifiers of CycD/Cdk4-induced overgrowth of the Drosophila eye. One mutation that suppressed CycD/Cdk4 was in a gene encoding the mitochondrial ribosomal protein, mRpL12. We show here that mRpL12 is required for CycD/Cdk4-induced cell growth. Cells homozygous mutant for mRpL12 have reduced mitochondrial activity, and exhibit growth defects that are very similar to those of cdk4 null cells. CycD/Cdk4 stimulates mitochondrial activity, and this is mRpL12 dependent. Hif-1 prolyl hydroxylase (Hph), another effector of CycD/Cdk4, regulates growth and is required for inhibition of the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1 (Hif-1). Both functions depend on mRpL12 dosage, suggesting that CycD/Cdk4, mRpL12 and Hph function together in a common pathway that controls cell growth via affecting mitochondrial activity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Zoology (former)
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Language:English
Date:9 February 2005
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:17
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:15
Publisher:European Molecular Biology Organization ; Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0261-4189
Publisher DOI:10.1038/sj.emboj.7600523
PubMed ID:15692573
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-687

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