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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-6886

Hirsch, M S; Günthard, H F; Schapiro, J M; Brun-Vézinet, F; Clotet, B; Hammer, S M; Johnson, V A; Kuritzkes, D R; Mellors, J W; Pillay, D; Yeni, P G; Jacobsen, D M; Richman, D D (2008). Antiretroviral drug resistance testing in adult HIV-1 infection: 2008 recommendations of an International AIDS Society-USA panel. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 47(2):266-285.

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Resistance to antiretroviral drugs remains an important limitation to successful human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) therapy. Resistance testing can improve treatment outcomes for infected individuals. The availability of new drugs from various classes, standardization of resistance assays, and the development of viral tropism tests necessitate new guidelines for resistance testing. The International AIDS Society-USA convened a panel of physicians and scientists with expertise in drug-resistant HIV-1, drug management, and patient care to review recently published data and presentations at scientific conferences and to provide updated recommendations. Whenever possible, resistance testing is recommended at the time of HIV infection diagnosis as part of the initial comprehensive patient assessment, as well as in all cases of virologic failure. Tropism testing is recommended whenever the use of chemokine receptor 5 antagonists is contemplated. As the roll out of antiretroviral therapy continues in developing countries, drug resistance monitoring for both subtype B and non-subtype B strains of HIV will become increasingly important.


280 citations in Web of Science®
330 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:15 July 2008
Deposited On:08 Dec 2008 11:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:38
Publisher:University of Chicago Press
Additional Information:2008 by Clinical Infectious Diseases Chicago
Publisher DOI:10.1086/589297
PubMed ID:18549313

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