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Finite elements for elliptic problems with highly varying, nonperiodic diffusion matrix


Peterseim, D; Sauter, Stefan (2012). Finite elements for elliptic problems with highly varying, nonperiodic diffusion matrix. Multiscale Modeling & Simulation: a SIAM Interdisciplinary Journal, 10(3):665-695.

Abstract

This paper considers the numerical solution of elliptic boundary value problems with a complicated (nonperiodic) diffusion matrix which is smooth but highly oscillating on very different scales. We study the influence of the scales and amplitudes of these oscillations to the regularity of the solution. We introduce weighted Sobolev norms of integer order, where the (p + 1)st seminorm is weighted by properly scaled pth derivative of the diffusion coefficient. The constants in the regularity estimates then turn out to depend only on global lower and upper bounds of the diffusion matrix but not on its derivatives; in particular, the constants are independent of the scales of the oscillations. These regularity results give rise to error estimates for hp-finite element discretizations with scale-adapted distribution of the mesh cells. The adaptation of the mesh is explicit with respect to the local variations of the diffusion coefficient. Numerical results illustrate the efficiency of these oscillation adapted finite elements, in particular, in the preasymptotic regime.

Abstract

This paper considers the numerical solution of elliptic boundary value problems with a complicated (nonperiodic) diffusion matrix which is smooth but highly oscillating on very different scales. We study the influence of the scales and amplitudes of these oscillations to the regularity of the solution. We introduce weighted Sobolev norms of integer order, where the (p + 1)st seminorm is weighted by properly scaled pth derivative of the diffusion coefficient. The constants in the regularity estimates then turn out to depend only on global lower and upper bounds of the diffusion matrix but not on its derivatives; in particular, the constants are independent of the scales of the oscillations. These regularity results give rise to error estimates for hp-finite element discretizations with scale-adapted distribution of the mesh cells. The adaptation of the mesh is explicit with respect to the local variations of the diffusion coefficient. Numerical results illustrate the efficiency of these oscillation adapted finite elements, in particular, in the preasymptotic regime.

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6 citations in Web of Science®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Mathematics
Dewey Decimal Classification:510 Mathematics
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:21 Jan 2013 12:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:20
Publisher:Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
ISSN:1540-3459
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1137/10081839X

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