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The role of motivational and volitional factors for self-regulated running training: associations on the between- and within-person level


Scholz, Urte; Nagy, G; Schütz, B; Ziegelmann, J P (2008). The role of motivational and volitional factors for self-regulated running training: associations on the between- and within-person level. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47(3):421-439.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Most studies examine associations between social-cognitive variables and self-regulated behavioural change across two or three occasions only. This study
adopts an innovative perspective by analysing associations across 11 occasions, which allows examining patterns of associations both on the between- and within-person levels.

METHOD: Thirty initially untrained participants of a running training programme completed 11 monthly questionnaires. All questionnaires assessed motivational and
volitional variables and self-reported running. Additionally, net running time of marathon, or half-marathon distance at the end of programme, was available.

RESULTS: Self-efficacy turned out to be associated with intentions on the betweenand within-person levels. Individual differences in change patterns and within-person
fluctuations in volitional variables, intentions, and self-efficacy turned out to be consistently associated with change patterns and within-person fluctuations in selfregulated running training over time and with successfully running marathon or halfmarathon
distance.

CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to examining only one facet of change, this study is the first to differentiate two components of change in health behaviour self-regulation: a
systematic trend component, and a component representing within-person unsystematic fluctuations. Thus, results of the present study provide a comprehensive picture
of the dynamic relations between motivational, volitional, and behavioural characteristics which occur between and within persons.

OBJECTIVES: Most studies examine associations between social-cognitive variables and self-regulated behavioural change across two or three occasions only. This study
adopts an innovative perspective by analysing associations across 11 occasions, which allows examining patterns of associations both on the between- and within-person levels.

METHOD: Thirty initially untrained participants of a running training programme completed 11 monthly questionnaires. All questionnaires assessed motivational and
volitional variables and self-reported running. Additionally, net running time of marathon, or half-marathon distance at the end of programme, was available.

RESULTS: Self-efficacy turned out to be associated with intentions on the betweenand within-person levels. Individual differences in change patterns and within-person
fluctuations in volitional variables, intentions, and self-efficacy turned out to be consistently associated with change patterns and within-person fluctuations in selfregulated running training over time and with successfully running marathon or halfmarathon
distance.

CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to examining only one facet of change, this study is the first to differentiate two components of change in health behaviour self-regulation: a
systematic trend component, and a component representing within-person unsystematic fluctuations. Thus, results of the present study provide a comprehensive picture
of the dynamic relations between motivational, volitional, and behavioural characteristics which occur between and within persons.

Citations

12 citations in Web of Science®
13 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:September 2008
Deposited On:17 Dec 2008 14:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:39
Publisher:British Psychological Society
ISSN:0144-6665
Publisher DOI:10.1348/014466607X266606
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-7232

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